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1566181
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2023-01-11more like thismore than 2023-01-11
answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept id 13 more like this
answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
hansard heading Antimicrobials: Drug Resistance more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask His Majesty's Government what steps they are taking (1) to monitor concentrations of non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals and personal care product residues in terms of driving the evolution of antimicrobial resistance in the environment, and (2) to fund more research into the risks they may pose to human health. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL4650 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2023-01-25more like thismore than 2023-01-25
answer text <p>(1) Defra and the Environment Agency (EA) have been working with the water industry to research the occurrence and transport of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics through wastewater treatment works as part of the industry-funded Chemical Investigations Programme. Investigations have been carried out at ten sites across the country to understand how the different treatment processes and the presence of chemicals including a range of pharmaceuticals affect the presence and prevalence of particular organisms and resistance genes. The results are due to be published by UK Water Industry Research in early 2023.</p><p>The EA has also been working with water companies on chemicals investigations which have included a range of pharmaceuticals and personal care products residues discharged from treated sewage effluent which might contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR).</p><p>The EA has developed a Prioritisation and Early Warning System (PEWS) for chemicals of emerging concern to ensure consideration of the potential risks of emerging chemicals including to surface waters (both freshwater and saline waters), groundwater and soils. The system allows the EA to sift and to screen any chemical substance nominated using, where available, hazard data and environmental monitoring data to prioritise whether a substance may be a possible chemical of concern in England. The EA has included a number of pharmaceuticals and personal care products as part of PEWS including, for example, diclofenac, ibuprofen and Benzophenone-3 (UV filter). These three substances flagged as high risk in PEWS.</p><p>The EA also monitors for a wide range of pharmaceuticals and substances used in personal care products in the water environment using a semi-quantitative screening methodology. All the substances mentioned above are included on this screening.</p><p>(2) The UK AMR National Action Plan (NAP) (2019-24) commits to “support research to reduce evidence gaps and improve our understanding of hazards and risks from AMR in the environment”. The Government is not currently supporting research on the potential risks of non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals and personal care product residues in terms of driving the evolution of AMR in the environment and the risks they may pose to human health, but is exploring options with funders on how best to undertake a One-Health approach to research into the drivers of AMR in the environment and environmental transmission risks to human health. This work will be built upon as an area of focus for research in the next five-year NAP (2024-29).</p><p>The Government is funding a wide array of research into AMR, including through the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR). As of September 2022, the NIHR was supporting 65 active research projects funded by NIHR programmes on AMR, with a combined value of approximately £97 million. The NIHR welcomes funding applications for research into any aspect of human health, including risk factors for AMR.</p>
answering member printed Lord Benyon more like this
question first answered
less than 2023-01-25T12:03:40.34Zmore like thismore than 2023-01-25T12:03:40.34Z
answering member
1547
label Biography information for Lord Benyon more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1518527
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2022-09-26more like thismore than 2022-09-26
answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept id 13 more like this
answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
hansard heading Cosmetics more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask His Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the environmental impact of production and release of (1) petrochemical, and (2) mineral UV-filters, currently approved as active ingredients in cosmetics. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL2326 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2022-10-10more like thismore than 2022-10-10
answer text <p>(1) The Environment Agency (EA) cannot assess the impact on the environment from petrochemical ingredients in cosmetics. Petrochemicals are used in a large range of manufacturing processes and the EA cannot, with confidence, trace petrochemicals in the environment specifically back to the widespread use of cosmetics.</p><p> </p><p>(2) The EA Chemical Assessment Unit published a review of organic UV filters in cosmetics prior to the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulations coming into force (<a href="https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fassets.publishing.service.gov.uk%2Fgovernment%2Fuploads%2Fsystem%2Fuploads%2Fattachment_data%2Ffile%2F291007%2Fscho1008bpay-e-e.pdf&amp;data=05%7C01%7CMatt.Womersley%40environment-agency.gov.uk%7Cb317fb6028fb482aaf1008daa0982a56%7C770a245002274c6290c74e38537f1102%7C0%7C0%7C637998873520894768%7CUnknown%7CTWFpbGZsb3d8eyJWIjoiMC4wLjAwMDAiLCJQIjoiV2luMzIiLCJBTiI6Ik1haWwiLCJXVCI6Mn0%3D%7C3000%7C%7C%7C&amp;sdata=kmZ5qJPU49MG52xtNXPJmILrAtiHN%2B8wqZmYCLn9JFE%3D&amp;reserved=0" target="_blank">here</a> and copy attached). They have a project this year to update it, which will complete by March 2023.</p><p> </p><p>The EA has developed a Prioritisation and Early Warning System (PEWS) for chemicals of emerging concern to ensure consideration of the potential risks of emerging chemicals including to surface waters (both freshwater and saline waters), groundwater and soils. The system allows the EA to sift and to screen any chemical substance nominated using, where available, hazard data and environmental monitoring data to prioritise whether a substance may be a possible chemical of concern in England.</p><p> </p><p>The EA has considered some mineral UV-filters as part of PEWS: zinc oxide in its nanoform; and titanium dioxide in its nanoform. However, both substances have a much broader range of uses beyond cosmetics, so it is not possible to isolate the impact of release from cosmetic use alone. Both substances flagged as low risk in PEWS, but the EA stresses it has low certainty over this outcome, due to a lack of available data.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>
answering member printed Lord Benyon more like this
question first answered
less than 2022-10-10T16:35:14.38Zmore like thismore than 2022-10-10T16:35:14.38Z
answering member
1547
label Biography information for Lord Benyon more like this
attachment
1
file name UV filters review EA.pdf more like this
title UV filters review - Environment Agency more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1289115
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2021-02-23more like thismore than 2021-02-23
answering body
Home Office more like this
answering dept id 1 more like this
answering dept short name Home Office more like this
answering dept sort name Home Office more like this
hansard heading Domestic Abuse more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the whether current statutory safeguarding provisions adequately (1) assist young victims of intimate partner violence, and (2) deal with perpetrators of intimate partner violence. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL13560 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2021-03-09more like thismore than 2021-03-09
answer text <p>(i) Young Victims</p><p>We recently published an updated version of ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018’. The guidance specifically references teenage relationship abuse as part of the statutory definition of domestic abuse. It also outlines the ‘assessment of risk outside the home’ which ensures that practitioners are alert to the risk of abuse for young people within their own intimate relationships.</p><p>Further to this, the draft guidance that will accompany the Domestic Abuse bill covers abuse in teenage relationships. The guidance has been seen in draft by a wide range of sector representatives, who have provided feedback. The guidance is being finalised ahead of a formal consultation period in the spring.</p><p>(ii) Perpetrators</p><p>The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (“CJA 2003”) provides for the establishment of Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (“MAPPA”) in each of the 42 criminal justice areas in England and Wales. These are designed to protect the public, including previous victims of crime, from serious harm by sexual and violent offenders. They require the local criminal justice agencies and other bodies dealing with offenders to work together in partnership in dealing with these offenders.</p><p>MAPPA guidance states that under the Children Act 2004, the Responsible Authority and DTC agencies have a statutory duty to make arrangements for ensuring that ‘their functions are discharged having regard to the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children’ and that ‘children should not be treated by MAPPA as ‘mini-adults’’.</p><p>The draft Domestic Abuse Statutory Guidance which is due to be published following royal assent of the Bill also includes young people who perpetrate abuse.</p><p>Young people perpetrating abuse in their relationships must be supported in an appropriate way that places emphasis on tackling the drivers of their behaviour. Court and responding agencies must take into account youth justice guidelines when responding to cases of teenage relationship abuse, avoid unnecessarily criminalising young people, and identify appropriate interventions to address behaviours that might constitute or lead to abuse. Relevant youth justice guidelines include:</p><ul><li>Case management guidance for Youth Offending Teams</li><li>Standards for children in the Youth Justice System</li><li>Crown Prosecution Service guidance on youth offenders</li><li>Sentencing Council guidelines on sentencing children and young people</li></ul>
answering member printed Baroness Williams of Trafford more like this
question first answered
less than 2021-03-09T16:42:18.977Zmore like thismore than 2021-03-09T16:42:18.977Z
answering member
4311
label Biography information for Baroness Williams of Trafford more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1235820
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2020-09-18more like thismore than 2020-09-18
answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept id 13 more like this
answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
hansard heading Forests more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to reduce the amount of unmanaged woodland and forest. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL8264 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2020-10-02more like thismore than 2020-10-02
answer text <p>59% of woodland in England is managed, and we recognise the need to increase support for management–safeguarding our woods, supporting biodiversity and providing sustainable timber.</p><p> </p><p>In addition to existing grant support for management, the Forestry Commission and Institute of Chartered Foresters are working to improve the quality of woodland management plans.</p><p> </p><p>We are also exploring further ways in which we can drive up the levels of sustainable woodland management in the development of the upcoming England Tree Strategy.</p> more like this
answering member printed Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park more like this
question first answered
less than 2020-10-02T14:01:52.127Zmore like thismore than 2020-10-02T14:01:52.127Z
answering member
4062
label Biography information for Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1433456
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2022-02-21more like thismore than 2022-02-21
answering body
Department for Education more like this
answering dept id 60 more like this
answering dept short name Education more like this
answering dept sort name Education more like this
hansard heading Nurseries more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact of private for-profit groups acquiring nurseries in England on (1) the stability of the nursery sector, and (2) the quality of provision. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL6220 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2022-03-07more like thismore than 2022-03-07
answer text <p>65% of early years childcare places in England are provided by private, voluntary, and independent group-based providers in a market-based system. The key measure of market health monitored by the department is whether the supply of available places is sufficient to meet the requirements of parents and children. This is monitored rather than whether changes occur in the number and type of providers, which is typically a feature of a healthy, competitive market.</p><p>The majority of eligible two, three, and four-year-olds have continued to access free childcare despite the challenges faced throughout the COVID-19 outbreak. Local authorities are not reporting any substantial sufficiency or place supply issues that they are unable to manage locally. The department has not seen a substantial number of parents saying that they cannot secure a childcare place, either this term or since early years environments re-opened fully on 1 June 2020.</p><p>97% of early years childcare providers are rated good or outstanding by Ofsted.</p><p>The department continues to evaluate the sufficiency and quality of childcare provision. It also endeavours to help local authorities, parents, and early years providers to ensure the sustainability of the sector.</p><p> </p>
answering member printed Baroness Barran more like this
question first answered
less than 2022-03-07T15:23:19.863Zmore like thismore than 2022-03-07T15:23:19.863Z
answering member
4703
label Biography information for Baroness Barran more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1651487
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2023-07-10more like thismore than 2023-07-10
answering body
Department of Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept id 17 more like this
answering dept short name Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept sort name Health and Social Care more like this
hansard heading Pharmacy: Standards more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask His Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the level of support available under the Pharmacy Access Scheme; and whether the criteria includes the (1) quality, (2) opening hours, and (3) range of provision, of existing pharmacies. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL9200 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction true more like this
date of answer less than 2023-07-19more like thismore than 2023-07-19
answer text <p><del class="ministerial">The early access to medicines scheme (EAMS) aims to give patients with life threatening or seriously debilitating conditions access to medicines that do not yet have a marketing authorisation when there is a clear unmet medical need.</del></p><p><del class="ministerial">Under the scheme, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) will give a scientific opinion on the benefit/risk balance of the medicine, based on the data available when the EAMS submission was made and the EAMS criteria. The MHRA will make an evaluation of products, including drugs such as for brain tumour treatments, once an application is received.</del></p><p><del class="ministerial">If we do receive an application, it is only made public where an EAMS Scientific Opinion (SO) is awarded. All EAMS SOs are published on the EAMS webpage. All drugs that have previously held an EAMS SO are also published on the EAMS webpage.</del></p><p><ins class="ministerial">The Pharmacy Access Scheme provides additional funding to pharmacies where the next nearest pharmacy is more than a 20-minute walk away. This is calculated as a 0.8-mile walking distance in areas of high deprivation and 1 mile in other areas. In 2021, we agreed updated eligibility criteria and an updated payment model with Community Pharmacy England. To be eligible for the payment, pharmacies must deliver the Community Pharmacist Consultation Service. Quality and opening hours are not included in the eligibility criteria.</ins></p><p> </p><p> </p>
answering member printed Lord Markham more like this
question first answered
less than 2023-07-19T15:05:50.113Zmore like thismore than 2023-07-19T15:05:50.113Z
question first ministerially corrected
less than 2023-07-20T15:18:01.373Zmore like thismore than 2023-07-20T15:18:01.373Z
answering member
4948
label Biography information for Lord Markham more like this
previous answer version
88780
answering member printed Lord Markham more like this
answering member
4948
label Biography information for Lord Markham more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1682273
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2024-01-15more like thismore than 2024-01-15
answering body
Department of Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept id 17 more like this
answering dept short name Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept sort name Health and Social Care more like this
hansard heading NHS Low Income Scheme: Chronic Illnesses more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask His Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to promote (1) the NHS Low Income Scheme to chronically ill patients, including Hidradenitis suppurativa patients, and (2) the use of pre-payment prescription certificates to chronically ill patients, including Hidradenitis suppurativa patients. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL1556 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2024-01-22more like thismore than 2024-01-22
answer text <p><em>The </em>NHS Business Services Authority and the National Health Service promote the NHS Low Income Scheme and prescription pre-payment certificates (PPCs) to professionals and patients. It does this through social media, online resources, media releases and healthcare bulletins.</p><p>Our extensive arrangements to help people afford NHS prescription charges, means that almost 89% of prescription items in England are already provided free of charge. For those not exempt from charges, PPCs can be used to cap costs at approximately £2 a week for regular prescriptions.</p> more like this
answering member printed Lord Markham more like this
question first answered
less than 2024-01-22T16:02:27.947Zmore like thismore than 2024-01-22T16:02:27.947Z
answering member
4948
label Biography information for Lord Markham more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1279524
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2021-01-21more like thismore than 2021-01-21
answering body
Department of Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept id 17 more like this
answering dept short name Health and Social Care more like this
answering dept sort name Health and Social Care more like this
hansard heading NHS: Staff more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to provide special leave and psychological support to NHS staff who have worked longer hours in a more stressful work environment as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL12407 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2021-02-04more like thismore than 2021-02-04
answer text <p><strong> </strong></p><p>In April 2020, we put in place a comprehensive package of wellbeing resources for National Health Service staff including counselling helplines, free access to wellbeing apps, virtual staff commons rooms, and specialist bereavement and psychological support. This was reinforced in the autumn with £30 million invested in enhanced occupational health support and the creation of mental health hubs which are focused on improving outreach, assessment and referrals to specialist services.</p><p> </p><p>Taking leave is important to allow staff the opportunity to rest and recuperate. The NHS employment offer already includes annual leave arrangements beyond the statutory minimum and management of annual leave is a local matter for employing organisations. Where staff have been unable to take annual leave due to the pandemic, agreements can be reached to ensure that annual leave can be carried over into the next two years.</p> more like this
answering member printed Lord Bethell more like this
question first answered
less than 2021-02-04T12:04:20.327Zmore like thismore than 2021-02-04T12:04:20.327Z
answering member
4708
label Biography information for Lord Bethell more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1274563
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2021-01-07more like thismore than 2021-01-07
answering body
Treasury more like this
answering dept id 14 more like this
answering dept short name Treasury more like this
answering dept sort name Treasury more like this
hansard heading Bank Services more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to ensure that bank customers can check continuous payment authorisations with ease to help prevent (1) fraud, and (2) unwanted payment. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL11855 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2021-01-20more like thismore than 2021-01-20
answer text <p>A Continuous Payment Authority, or CPA, is defined as consent given by a customer for a payment service provider (for example, a customer’s bank) to make one or more payments from a customer’s payment account. They are often established to enable regular payments to be made for goods or services via a payment card - for example, for a magazine subscription - and are distinct from Direct Debits.</p><p> </p><p>The Payment Services Regulations regulate how CPAs are established, and the rights and obligations of payers, payees and payment service providers. In its published guidance on the regulations, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) states that consumers have the right to cancel CPAs by contacting their payment service provider at any time before the end of the business day before a payment is due to be made, and to obtain an immediate refund from their payment service provider if any future payments are debited from their account after they have revoked their consent. The customer may raise a complaint with their payment service provider if unhappy with their response. If this does not rectify the issue, the customer is able to complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.</p><p> </p><p>Furthermore, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy is considering what further action to take on subscription contracts to: prevent consumers being charged unexpectedly; to make it easier for consumers to cancel unwanted subscriptions (including free trials and auto-renewals); and to avoid them facing unreasonable charges.</p>
answering member printed Lord Agnew of Oulton more like this
question first answered
less than 2021-01-20T11:59:23.45Zmore like thismore than 2021-01-20T11:59:23.45Z
answering member
4689
label Biography information for Lord Agnew of Oulton more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this
1388345
registered interest false more like this
date less than 2021-12-15more like thismore than 2021-12-15
answering body
Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities more like this
answering dept id 211 more like this
answering dept short name Levelling Up, Housing and Communities more like this
answering dept sort name Levelling Up, Housing and Communities more like this
hansard heading Local Government: Coronavirus more like this
house id 2 more like this
legislature
25277
pref label House of Lords more like this
question text To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the spread of the Omicron variant of COVID-19, whether local government bodies can hold meetings remotely if they choose. more like this
tabling member printed
Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle remove filter
uin HL4983 more like this
answer
answer
is ministerial correction false more like this
date of answer less than 2021-12-31more like thismore than 2021-12-31
answer text <p>A High Court judgement handed down on 27 April 2021 confirmed that the Local Government Act 1972 specifies that council meetings must take place in person at a single, specified, geographical location and being “present” at such a meeting involves physical presence at that location.</p><p>This judgement confirmed that the regulations which allowed local authorities to meet remotely during the Covid-19 pandemic did not apply to meetings after 6 May 2021.</p><p>Any permanent change would require primary legislation, and would depend upon Parliamentary time being available.</p><p>Non-statutory or other informal meetings where local authorities deem that in-person attendance is not required can be held virtually.</p> more like this
answering member printed Lord Greenhalgh more like this
question first answered
less than 2021-12-31T11:07:35.737Zmore like thismore than 2021-12-31T11:07:35.737Z
answering member
4877
label Biography information for Lord Greenhalgh more like this
tabling member
4719
label Biography information for Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle more like this