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442284
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2016-01-04more like thismore than 2016-01-04
star this property answering body
Ministry of Defence more like this
star this property answering dept id 11 remove filter
unstar this property answering dept short name Defence more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Defence more like this
star this property hansard heading Armed Forces: Furs more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many bearskins and other associated headgear containing real fur his Department purchased in each of the last 10 years. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stockton North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Alex Cunningham more like this
star this property uin 20778 more like this
unstar this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2016-01-12more like thismore than 2016-01-12
star this property answer text <p>The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not buy bear pelts; it buys ceremonial caps direct from suppliers who source pelts from animals culled as part of a programme to manage the wild population licensed by the Canadian government. Animal welfare standards relating to the bear cull are a matter for the Canadian government.</p><br /> <br /><p>The MOD also purchases coney skin (rabbit fur) for the Royal Engineers’ and Royal Signals’ busby and fox fur for the Royal Horse Artillery, Kings Troop Officers’ busby. The current contract requires a commitment to sustainable procurement.</p><br /><p>Depending on usage and maintenance, bearskin busbys can last for up to 50 years. The coney skin and fox fur busbys have indefinite lifespans if properly maintained.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Bearskin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Coney Skin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Fox </strong><strong>Fur Busby Headgear(£)</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>1,532</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1,472</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>31,319</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>9,173</p></td><td><p>406</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>148,891</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>131,886</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>90,822</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126,087</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>1,779</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>65,108</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>136,671</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>10,257</p></td><td><p>1,899</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>149,379</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>2,558</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /><p>All figures are rounded to the nearest pound.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Bearskin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Coney Skin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Busby Headgear made of Fox Fur </strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>35</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>22</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>195</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>158</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>99</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>63</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>127</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>20</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>122</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>5</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /> <br /><p>Historically the MOD has undertaken a number of trials on synthetic alternatives to bear skin but none of these matched the properties of the natural material. No trialling has taken place since 2007. Information about costs of these trials is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. In 2012 the Ministry of Defence loaned a sample bearskin to the animal rights organisation, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, to aid its research and development programme on a synthetic alternative.</p><br /><p>There has been no research and development carried out to find a synthetic alternative to coney skin or fox fur.</p><br />
star this property answering member constituency Ludlow more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Philip Dunne more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
20779 more like this
20780 more like this
20781 more like this
20783 remove filter
star this property question first answered
less than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.31Zmore like thismore than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.31Z
unstar this property answering member
1542
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Philip Dunne more like this
unstar this property tabling member
4122
unstar this property label Biography information for Alex Cunningham remove filter
442288
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2016-01-04more like thismore than 2016-01-04
star this property answering body
Ministry of Defence more like this
star this property answering dept id 11 remove filter
unstar this property answering dept short name Defence more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Defence more like this
star this property hansard heading Armed Forces: Furs more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how much his Department spent on purchasing bearskins and other associated headgear containing real fur in each of the last 10 years. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stockton North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Alex Cunningham more like this
star this property uin 20779 more like this
unstar this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2016-01-12more like thismore than 2016-01-12
star this property answer text <p>The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not buy bear pelts; it buys ceremonial caps direct from suppliers who source pelts from animals culled as part of a programme to manage the wild population licensed by the Canadian government. Animal welfare standards relating to the bear cull are a matter for the Canadian government.</p><br /> <br /><p>The MOD also purchases coney skin (rabbit fur) for the Royal Engineers’ and Royal Signals’ busby and fox fur for the Royal Horse Artillery, Kings Troop Officers’ busby. The current contract requires a commitment to sustainable procurement.</p><br /><p>Depending on usage and maintenance, bearskin busbys can last for up to 50 years. The coney skin and fox fur busbys have indefinite lifespans if properly maintained.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Bearskin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Coney Skin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Fox </strong><strong>Fur Busby Headgear(£)</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>1,532</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1,472</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>31,319</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>9,173</p></td><td><p>406</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>148,891</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>131,886</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>90,822</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126,087</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>1,779</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>65,108</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>136,671</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>10,257</p></td><td><p>1,899</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>149,379</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>2,558</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /><p>All figures are rounded to the nearest pound.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Bearskin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Coney Skin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Busby Headgear made of Fox Fur </strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>35</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>22</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>195</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>158</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>99</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>63</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>127</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>20</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>122</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>5</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /> <br /><p>Historically the MOD has undertaken a number of trials on synthetic alternatives to bear skin but none of these matched the properties of the natural material. No trialling has taken place since 2007. Information about costs of these trials is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. In 2012 the Ministry of Defence loaned a sample bearskin to the animal rights organisation, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, to aid its research and development programme on a synthetic alternative.</p><br /><p>There has been no research and development carried out to find a synthetic alternative to coney skin or fox fur.</p><br />
star this property answering member constituency Ludlow more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Philip Dunne more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
20778 more like this
20780 more like this
20781 more like this
20783 remove filter
star this property question first answered
less than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.437Zmore like thismore than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.437Z
unstar this property answering member
1542
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Philip Dunne more like this
unstar this property tabling member
4122
unstar this property label Biography information for Alex Cunningham remove filter
442289
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2016-01-04more like thismore than 2016-01-04
star this property answering body
Ministry of Defence more like this
star this property answering dept id 11 remove filter
unstar this property answering dept short name Defence more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Defence more like this
star this property hansard heading Armed Forces: Furs more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the prevailing animal welfare standards of the bear cull in Canada that provides pelts for the making of bearskins and other associated headgear containing real fur by use by the British armed forces. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stockton North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Alex Cunningham more like this
star this property uin 20781 more like this
unstar this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2016-01-12more like thismore than 2016-01-12
star this property answer text <p>The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not buy bear pelts; it buys ceremonial caps direct from suppliers who source pelts from animals culled as part of a programme to manage the wild population licensed by the Canadian government. Animal welfare standards relating to the bear cull are a matter for the Canadian government.</p><br /> <br /><p>The MOD also purchases coney skin (rabbit fur) for the Royal Engineers’ and Royal Signals’ busby and fox fur for the Royal Horse Artillery, Kings Troop Officers’ busby. The current contract requires a commitment to sustainable procurement.</p><br /><p>Depending on usage and maintenance, bearskin busbys can last for up to 50 years. The coney skin and fox fur busbys have indefinite lifespans if properly maintained.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Bearskin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Coney Skin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Fox </strong><strong>Fur Busby Headgear(£)</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>1,532</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1,472</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>31,319</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>9,173</p></td><td><p>406</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>148,891</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>131,886</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>90,822</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126,087</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>1,779</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>65,108</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>136,671</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>10,257</p></td><td><p>1,899</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>149,379</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>2,558</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /><p>All figures are rounded to the nearest pound.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Bearskin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Coney Skin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Busby Headgear made of Fox Fur </strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>35</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>22</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>195</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>158</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>99</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>63</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>127</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>20</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>122</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>5</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /> <br /><p>Historically the MOD has undertaken a number of trials on synthetic alternatives to bear skin but none of these matched the properties of the natural material. No trialling has taken place since 2007. Information about costs of these trials is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. In 2012 the Ministry of Defence loaned a sample bearskin to the animal rights organisation, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, to aid its research and development programme on a synthetic alternative.</p><br /><p>There has been no research and development carried out to find a synthetic alternative to coney skin or fox fur.</p><br />
star this property answering member constituency Ludlow more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Philip Dunne more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
20778 more like this
20779 more like this
20780 more like this
20783 remove filter
star this property question first answered
less than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.2Zmore like thismore than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.2Z
unstar this property answering member
1542
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Philip Dunne more like this
unstar this property tabling member
4122
unstar this property label Biography information for Alex Cunningham remove filter
442283
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2016-01-04more like thismore than 2016-01-04
star this property answering body
Ministry of Defence more like this
star this property answering dept id 11 remove filter
unstar this property answering dept short name Defence more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Defence more like this
star this property hansard heading Armed Forces: Furs more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the expected lifespan of each bearskin and other associated headgear containing real fur used by his Department is before replacement is required. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stockton North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Alex Cunningham more like this
star this property uin 20780 more like this
unstar this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2016-01-12more like thismore than 2016-01-12
star this property answer text <p>The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not buy bear pelts; it buys ceremonial caps direct from suppliers who source pelts from animals culled as part of a programme to manage the wild population licensed by the Canadian government. Animal welfare standards relating to the bear cull are a matter for the Canadian government.</p><br /> <br /><p>The MOD also purchases coney skin (rabbit fur) for the Royal Engineers’ and Royal Signals’ busby and fox fur for the Royal Horse Artillery, Kings Troop Officers’ busby. The current contract requires a commitment to sustainable procurement.</p><br /><p>Depending on usage and maintenance, bearskin busbys can last for up to 50 years. The coney skin and fox fur busbys have indefinite lifespans if properly maintained.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Bearskin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Coney Skin Busby Headgear (£)</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Cost of Fox </strong><strong>Fur Busby Headgear(£)</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>1,532</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1,472</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>31,319</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>9,173</p></td><td><p>406</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>148,891</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>131,886</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>90,822</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126,087</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>1,779</p></td><td><p>861</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>65,108</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>136,671</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>10,257</p></td><td><p>1,899</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>149,379</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>2,558</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /><p>All figures are rounded to the nearest pound.</p><br /><br /><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Calendar Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Bearskin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Financial Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Coney Skin Busby Headgear</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of Busby Headgear made of Fox Fur </strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2005</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2005-06</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2006</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2006-07</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2007</p></td><td><p>Not held</p></td><td><p>2007-08</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2008</p></td><td><p>35</p></td><td><p>2008-09</p></td><td><p>22</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2009</p></td><td><p>195</p></td><td><p>2009-10</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>158</p></td><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>99</p></td><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>126</p></td><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>4</p></td><td><p>1</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>63</p></td><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>0</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>127</p></td><td><p>2014-15</p></td><td><p>20</p></td><td><p>2</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>122</p></td><td><p>2015-16</p></td><td><p>5</p></td><td><p>0</p></td></tr></tbody></table><br /> <br /><p>Historically the MOD has undertaken a number of trials on synthetic alternatives to bear skin but none of these matched the properties of the natural material. No trialling has taken place since 2007. Information about costs of these trials is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. In 2012 the Ministry of Defence loaned a sample bearskin to the animal rights organisation, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, to aid its research and development programme on a synthetic alternative.</p><br /><p>There has been no research and development carried out to find a synthetic alternative to coney skin or fox fur.</p><br />
star this property answering member constituency Ludlow more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Philip Dunne more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
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less than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.53Zmore like thismore than 2016-01-12T17:34:26.53Z
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unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Philip Dunne more like this
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unstar this property label Biography information for Alex Cunningham remove filter