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star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2015-07-01more like thismore than 2015-07-01
star this property answering body
Department of Health more like this
star this property answering dept id 17 more like this
unstar this property answering dept short name Health more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Health more like this
star this property hansard heading Vitamin B12 more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they plan to review how pernicious anaemia and other symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency in the United Kingdom population are diagnosed and treated, particularly taking into account the neurological and mental health impact of any failure to diagnose quickly and accurately; and, if not, why not. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
The Countess of Mar more like this
star this property uin HL1033 remove filter
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2015-07-14more like thisremove minimum value filter
unstar this property answer text <p>The diagnosis and treatment of pernicious anaemia, the result of a vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency, is well established and reported in the British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH) guidance document, <em>Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Cobalamin and Folate disorders</em>, which was updated in May 2014. A copy of the BCSH guidance document is attached.</p><p> </p><p>The BCSH operates independently of the Department and NHS England and produces evidence based guidelines for both clinical and laboratory haematologists on the diagnosis and treatment of haematological disease, drawing on the advice of expert consultants and clinical scientists practicing in the United Kingdom. It would be for the BCSH, not the Department, to consider whether any adjustments to current best practice, in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with pernicious anaemia were needed, including whether any new or additional tests were appropriate.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The BCSH guidance sets out that cobalamin status is the recommended first line diagnostic test. The Department has no data relating to false positive results in relation to the test. The guidance also states that clinical picture is the most important factor in assessing the significance of the test results.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>When anaemia is diagnosed, most patients respond well to treatment through quarterly intramuscular injection of vitamin B12. Whilst some patients with pernicious anaemia might prefer to have more frequent injections, or for other forms of vitamin B12 to be self-administered, these are matters for individual patients to discuss with their general practitioners.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Although the Medicines Healthcare products Regulatory Agency is currently reviewing claims made by some clinics that are administering vitamins and minerals intravenously for nutritional therapy purposes, the agency has not encountered any clinics making claims to treat pernicious anaemia. In addition, the Department does not have any information regarding patients purchasing additional supplies of B12 from unregulated sources.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Regarding the mandatory fortification of flour with folic acid, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition recommended a number of measures to ensure monitoring and surveillance of the impact of fortification of flour, should it be implemented. This included appropriate systems to monitor any potential adverse effects, including cancer and a review of the evidence on benefits and postulated risks after five years. The National Diet and Nutrition Survey monitors folate intakes and the most recent data, which was published earlier this year, will be carefully considered alongside other information sources before any decision is made on mandatory fortification.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The Department has made no assessment of the social and economic costs of misdiagnosis or late diagnosis of pernicious anaemia and other vitamin B12 deficiencies.</p><p> </p>
star this property answering member printed Lord Prior of Brampton more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
HL1032 more like this
HL1034 more like this
HL1035 more like this
HL1036 more like this
HL1042 more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2015-07-14T15:00:41.81Zmore like thismore than 2015-07-14T15:00:41.81Z
star this property answering member
127
star this property label Biography information for Lord Prior of Brampton more like this
star this property attachment
1
star this property file name colbalamin and folate disorders.pdf more like this
star this property title BSCH Guidance more like this
star this property tabling member
1861
unstar this property label Biography information for The Countess of Mar more like this