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106184
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Productivity more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Livingston of Parkhead on 13 October (HL1890), what they consider to be the reasons for the differences between the output per worker per hour in the United Kingdom and those of the other G7 countries, as reported by the Office for National Statistics in its statistical bulletin <i>International Comparisons of Productivity—Final Estimates 2012</i>; and what plans they have to improve the United Kingdom’s relative position. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Birt more like this
star this property uin HL2655 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-17more like thismore than 2014-11-17
star this property answer text <p>The most up to date productivity data for 2012 are in the table.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Current Price Productivity, 2012, G7 countries, Index UK=100</strong></p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong><em> </em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Japan</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Germany</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Canada</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Italy</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>France</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>US</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>UK</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>G7 excl. UK</em></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per worker</strong></p></td><td><p>90</p></td><td><p>108</p></td><td><p>104</p></td><td><p>116</p></td><td><p>115</p></td><td><p>140</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>120</p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per hour worked</strong></p></td><td><p>85</p></td><td><p>129</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>109</p></td><td><p>128</p></td><td><p>130</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>117</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>Source: International Comparisons of Productivity, First Estimates for 2013, ONS (Oct 2014)</p><p> </p><p>http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2013---first-estimates/index.html</p><p> </p><p>Analysis undertaken by BIS (2012) to support Lord Heseltine’s Review of UK Competitiveness examined UK productivity in comparison to France, Germany and the USA. An analysis of productivity across all G7 countries has not yet been completed. The full analysis can be found <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf" target="_blank">here</a> but the main findings were:</p><p> </p><p>The analysis decomposed the productivity gap (measured by output per hour worked) into two components:</p><p> </p><ul><li>Sector productivity effect – the share of the gap arising due to productivity in a given sector being higher in another country than in the UK.</li><li>Sector mix effect – the share of the gap arising due to employment in another country being more concentrated in high productivity sectors than in the UK.</li></ul><p> </p><p>When UK productivity is compared to France, Germany and the USA, the sector productivity effect in each of the comparator countries fully explains the gap. As such, higher productivity across almost all sectors in each of these economies accounts for the entirety of their lead over the UK. In fact, the UK’s favourable sector mix went some way towards reducing the gap, particularly against France.</p><p> </p><p>Naturally, the factors driving the gap vary by country. However, at the aggregate level, the UK tends to have lower capital per head than France and Germany and a less efficient use of inputs in production (Total Factor Productivity) than the USA (<a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf" target="_blank">BIS, 2010</a>). There is also a (smaller) gap between the UK and its major competitors in terms of skills. This is generally characterised as a gap in intermediate skills with France and Germany, and a gap in higher level skills relative to the USA.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Plans to Improve UK Productivity</strong></p><p> </p><p>Government policy focuses on delivering growth which in turn depends on productivity in the longer term. In this sense, the majority of longer run Government economic policy is ultimately about raising productivity.</p><p> </p><p>The Government’s industrial strategy and ‘The Plan for Growth’ are creating the right environment for businesses to invest and grow. This will continue to support UK long-term productivity growth.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Data Revisions</strong></p><p> </p><p>Recent changes to national accounts methodology have slightly reduced the productivity gap between the UK and other leading G7 economies. Data for 2012 were revised and are provided in the table above. In case it is of interest, the most recent data for 2013 is also included in the table below. A full decomposition of the productivity gap has not yet been undertaken using the revised data.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Current Price Productivity, 2013, G7 countries, Index UK=100</strong></p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong><em> </em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Japan</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Germany</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Canada</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Italy</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>France</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>US</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>UK</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>G7 excl. UK</em></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per worker</strong></p></td><td><p>88</p></td><td><p>107</p></td><td><p>103</p></td><td><p>115</p></td><td><p>114</p></td><td><p>139</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>119</p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per hour worked</strong></p></td><td><p>85</p></td><td><p>129</p></td><td><p>101</p></td><td><p>109</p></td><td><p>128</p></td><td><p>130</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>117</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>Source: International Comparisons of Productivity, First Estimates for 2013, ONS (Oct 2014)</p><p> </p><p>http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2013---first-estimates/index.html</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>References</p><p> </p><p>BIS (2010) Economic Growth, BIS Economics Paper No. 9</p><p> </p><p><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf</a></p><p> </p><p>BIS (2012) Benchmarking UK Competitiveness in the Global Economy, BIS Economics Paper No. 19</p><p> </p><p><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf</a></p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-17T12:31:53.887Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-17T12:31:53.887Z
star this property answering member
4278
star this property label Biography information for Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property tabling member
2533
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Birt more like this
106200
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Higher Education: Admissions more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what estimate he has made of the effect on spending by his Department of abolition of the cap on higher education student numbers announced in the Autumn Statement 2013. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Birmingham, Hodge Hill more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Mr Liam Byrne more like this
star this property uin 213239 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-12-18more like thismore than 2014-12-18
star this property answer text <p>Details of estimates and costs are in the 2013 Autumn Statement document at <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/263942/35062_Autumn_Statement_2013.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/263942/35062_Autumn_Statement_2013.pdf</a>.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Tunbridge Wells more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Greg Clark more like this
star this property grouped question UIN
213835 more like this
213836 more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-12-18T16:58:48.103Zmore like thismore than 2014-12-18T16:58:48.103Z
star this property answering member
1578
star this property label Biography information for Greg Clark more like this
star this property tabling member
1171
unstar this property label Biography information for Liam Byrne more like this
106193
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Apprentices more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what steps his Department is taking to encourage offers of apprenticeships to adults without GCSEs. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Dudley North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Ian Austin more like this
star this property uin 213292 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-10more like thismore than 2014-11-10
star this property answer text <p>Apprenticeships are jobs and as such individual employers set their own entry requirements.</p><p>We have introduced Traineeships, working with employers, to offer people aged 16 – 24, often without GCSEs, an opportunity to develop the skills and experience needed to compete successfully for an apprenticeship or other job.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Grantham and Stamford more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Nick Boles more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-10T12:22:38.5416252Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-10T12:22:38.5416252Z
star this property answering member
3995
star this property label Biography information for Nick Boles more like this
star this property tabling member
1511
unstar this property label Biography information for Ian Austin more like this
106194
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Training more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what steps his Department is taking to offer training to adults without GCSEs. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Dudley North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Ian Austin more like this
star this property uin 213293 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-11more like thismore than 2014-11-11
star this property answer text <p>The Government supports a range of training opportunities for adults who are not qualified to GCSE level.</p><p> </p><p>We provide full funding for adults of any age, irrespective of employment status, to study English and Maths up to and including Level 2 qualifications and to take GCSEs in these subjects. We also fully fund adults aged 19 to 23 to study for their first full Level 2 or learning programmes pre-Level 2 to enable them to progress to Level 2 and above. These can cover a wide range of subjects, from vocational courses to GCSEs. In 2012/13 we supported 1.2m learners at level 2. For adults aged 24 who want to study subjects other than English and maths, we provide a subsidy and they make a contribution from their own resources.</p><p> </p><p>The Government supports some particular programmes operating partly or exclusively for adults who have not yet achieved GCSE. Traineeships provide work preparation training, English and Maths for those who need it, and vital work experience - combining to equip people with the skills and experience they need to compete for Apprenticeships and other jobs. Apprenticeships are real jobs with training and provide an opportunity for people, including those without GCSEs, to obtain high quality training in a particular career.</p><p> </p><p>Sector-based work academies combine sector-based training with a work experience placement lasting up to a maximum of 6 weeks along with a guaranteed job interview. They are designed to support benefit customers aged 18+ who are close to the labour market but have been unable to find sustained employment in a demand sector. In addition, individuals who are out of work and in receipt of Jobseekers Allowance (JSA), Employment Support Allowance in the Work Related Activity Group (ESA WRAG) or on Universal Credit (UC) with a skills need identified, are able to receive free training from Colleges and providers to help them get into work. Of all aims started by benefit claimants 89 per cent were at Level 2 and below.</p><p> </p><p>We support Adult Community Learning with funding of £210m which is designed to engage people who are most disadvantaged and furthest from learning such as those who do not yet have the confidence to go to a formal course. It has proven to be particularly effective in motivating people without qualifications.</p><p> </p><p>Some of those studying below GCSE have learning difficulties and disabilities and where it is needed, we fund the delivery of additional support for these learners so that they can participate fully in education and training. Working in close partnership with the Ministry of Justice, our prison education offer similarly provides offenders with the basic skills of maths and English, and with relevant vocational qualifications, that will allow them to secure employment on release. We know that employment reduces re-offending.</p><p> </p>
star this property answering member constituency Grantham and Stamford more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Nick Boles more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-11T15:14:59.22201Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-11T15:14:59.22201Z
star this property answering member
3995
star this property label Biography information for Nick Boles more like this
star this property tabling member
1511
unstar this property label Biography information for Ian Austin more like this
106202
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Apprentices more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what his policy is on allowing employers to pay the apprenticeship wage for longer than 12 months. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Dudley North more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Ian Austin more like this
star this property uin 213294 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-11more like thismore than 2014-11-11
star this property answer text <p>The apprenticeship minimum wage applies to apprentices aged under 19 and those aged 19 and over in the first year of their apprenticeship. If the apprentice is over 19 and has completed the first year of their apprenticeship, they are entitled to the age appropriate rate of the national minimum wage.</p><p> </p><p>The apprenticeship minimum wage is the legal minimum. It is not a guide as to what employers should pay and we encourage employers to pay higher where they are able to do so. Most employers pay more than the minimum wage.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Grantham and Stamford more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Nick Boles more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-11T12:28:44.1681894Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-11T12:28:44.1681894Z
star this property answering member
3995
star this property label Biography information for Nick Boles more like this
star this property tabling member
1511
unstar this property label Biography information for Ian Austin more like this
106195
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Minimum Wage: Scotland more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what representations he has received from the Scottish Government regarding the national minimum wage; and if he will place in the Library any representations so received. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Glasgow East more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Margaret Curran more like this
star this property uin 213286 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-07more like thismore than 2014-11-07
star this property answer text <p>We have received no representations from the Scottish Government regarding the national minimum wage.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency East Dunbartonshire more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Jo Swinson more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-07T14:00:35.0394337Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-07T14:00:35.0394337Z
star this property answering member
1513
star this property label Biography information for Jo Swinson more like this
star this property tabling member
3982
unstar this property label Biography information for Margaret Curran more like this
106198
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Minimum Wage: Scotland more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what estimate he has made of how many people earned less than the national minimum wage in Scotland in each year since 2010-11. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Glasgow East more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Margaret Curran more like this
star this property uin 213229 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-07more like thismore than 2014-11-07
star this property answer text <p><strong> </strong></p><p> </p><p>The most reliable estimates come from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. These are set out below for Scotland. However, there are limitations to the survey. In particular, there is limited scope to use the data to identify where the National Minimum Wage apprentice rate would apply, rather than the equivalent age rate, prior to 2013-14. The apprentice minimum wage rate is lower than for the equivalent minimum age rates for workers. Not taking into account when the apprentice rate would apply will therefore tend to over-estimate the level of non-compliance. An estimate for 2013-14 is also provided below taking into account where the lower apprentice rate would apply.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td rowspan="2"><p>Year</p></td><td colspan="2"><p>Estimates of NMW non-compliance in Scotland</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td><p>Not taking into account when the apprentice rate would apply</p></td><td><p>Taking into account when the apprentice rate would apply</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td><p>2010-11</p></td><td><p>19,000</p></td><td><p>-</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td><p>2011-12</p></td><td><p>20,000</p></td><td><p>-</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td><p>2012-13</p></td><td><p>20,000</p></td><td><p>-</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td><p>2013-14</p></td><td><p>16,000</p></td><td><p>11,000</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="3"><p>Source: ASHE datasets for 2010-14</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" rowspan="3"><p>NMW rates are caclulated by taking age into account, data on apprentices is only available for 2013-14</p></td><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>The Government is committed to increasing compliance with minimum wage legislation and effective enforcement of it. Everyone who is entitled to the minimum wage should receive it. Individuals should contact the Pay and Work Rights Helpline on 0800 917 2368. HMRC investigates every complaint made.</p><p> </p>
star this property answering member constituency East Dunbartonshire more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Jo Swinson more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-07T13:56:59.7504192Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-07T13:56:59.7504192Z
star this property answering member
1513
star this property label Biography information for Jo Swinson more like this
star this property tabling member
3982
unstar this property label Biography information for Margaret Curran more like this
106199
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills remove filter
star this property hansard heading Minimum Wage: Scotland more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what estimate he has made of how many people earn exactly the national minimum wage in Scotland. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Glasgow East more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Margaret Curran more like this
star this property uin 213230 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-11-07more like thismore than 2014-11-07
star this property answer text <p>Using 2013-14 Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) data, an estimated 85,000 people earn the National Minimum Wage in Scotland.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The most reliable estimate comes from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. However, there are limitations to the survey. In particular, there is limited scope to use the data to identify where the apprentice rate would apply, rather than the equivalent age rate.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency East Dunbartonshire more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Jo Swinson more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-07T13:58:10.9401712Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-07T13:58:10.9401712Z
star this property answering member
1513
star this property label Biography information for Jo Swinson more like this
star this property tabling member
3982
unstar this property label Biography information for Margaret Curran more like this