Linked Data API

Show Search Form

Search Results

star this property registered interest false more like this
unstar this property date remove filter
star this property answering body
Ministry of Justice more like this
star this property answering dept id 54 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Justice more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Justice more like this
star this property hansard heading Young Offender Institutions more like this
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, which of the recommendations made in the Youth Custody Improvement Board report, published in February 2017, have been (a) fully, (b) partially and (c) not achieved. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Leeds East more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Richard Burgon more like this
star this property uin 254236 remove filter
star this property answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-05-20more like thismore than 2019-05-20
star this property answer text <p>In January 2017 we established a Youth Custody Reform Programme in response to the recommendations made in Charlie Taylor’s review of the youth justice system, published in December 2016. Our response to the recommendations subsequently made by the Youth Custody Improvement Board (YCIB) were also incorporated into this programme. To date, of the 19 recommendations made by the YCIB, nine have been fully achieved and six have been partially achieved. A table setting out all of the recommendations and our progress against each of them is attached below.</p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Recommendation</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Status</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Ministers should clearly define what they believe the youth custodial system is attempting to achieve, and only then how the success criteria can be developed in order to deliver it</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> The Youth Custody Service (YCS) was established with a clear mission statement to<ul><li>support young people in custody to live positive and crime-free lives</li><li>reduce the numbers of young people released from our care who reoffend</li><li>create an environment that is educational, safe and decent</li><li>improve safety and maximise opportunities for personal growth.</li></ul>Performance of the youth justice system is monitored by a quarterly performance board chaired by the Permanent Secretary across key metrics and we are working to develop a performance framework applicable across the secure estate.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>One national body should be accountable for leading and taking responsibility for overseeing the Youth Secure Estate (YSE), to ensure the vision for the estate is understood across the system, a plan for fulfilling it is implemented and that support and specialist professional advice is provided from the centre.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS was formally established in September 2017.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Decisive action should be taken to bring the 8 existing establishments within one structured system of governance and accountability.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS has oversight of the whole YSE with one Executive Director directly accountable to ministers.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>A new framework for assessing the performance of individual establishments should be established by the new national body</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> The YCS have an assurance framework in place and have established a programme of work to re-evaluate data recording with the ambition of developing a sector-wide performance framework.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>HMPPS must urgently bring in appropriate expertise and leadership to boost its capacity in caring for young people.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The creation of the YCS brought expertise across the sector together by combining the Young People’s Estate with the custodial operations of the Youth Justice Board (YJB). The YCS now has experienced, directly accountable, leadership in the post of Executive Director and two new Deputy Director posts with responsibility for reform, placements and casework; assurance and contracted services.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Plans for extending the autonomy of governors in the YSE should be introduced as soon as is practical.</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> The YCS has devolved additional funds and spending powers for YCS governors regarding education (amounting to £1.8m across the four public-sector YOIs in 2019/20), and we are considering other ways in which we can extend their autonomy and flexibility to innovate.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Immediate action must be taken to appoint a skilled individual to the proposed new post of Director of the YSE.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS has had a dedicated Executive Director, accountable to ministers, since April 2017.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>All new staff in the YSE should have appropriate skills and knowledge of working with young people.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS established a bespoke recruitment route and induction training programme in April 2018 to ensure staff are recruited with the right skills and values for working with young people. All new recruits will be expected to complete the new professionalisation programme (see below). We have used this recruitment route to expand the capacity of YOIs – there were 315 more Band 3-5 frontline officers in the YCS at the end of 2018 than at the end of 2017, and increase of 35%.[1]</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>A training programme for existing staff at all levels of the YSE should be developed to heighten and develop their skills working with young people.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS has established a youth custody professionalisation programme (to foundation degree level) for frontline staff of Bands 3 and 4 or their equivalents in the private sector. Thee staff will be transitioned into a new Band 4 Youth Justice Specialist role upon completion of the training. Over 400 staff have been enrolled on this training to date, and the first YJ Specialists were confirmed in post this month. We are developing further training options for managers.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>The MoJ should identify immediately what additional measures can be taken in each YOI and STC to improve the safety of young people.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> The YCS has introduced a new evidence-based behaviour management strategy focusing on proactive relationship-building and positive reinforcement. This will sit alongside a new holistic care framework for children and staff developed by the NHS, the recruitment of more psychology staff in YOIs, new critical case panels for the children who present the most severe issues, and the building of two new Enhanced Support Units (ESUs).</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>A comprehensive review of the specific needs of young people and the specific forms of interventions required should be undertaken as an essential prerequisite to opening new specialist units in YOIs and STCs. Appropriate specialist staff should also be appointed by the time such units become operational.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved. </strong> The YCS has a detailed evidence-based operating model and eligibility criteria for ESUs developed by psychological and healthcare staff. Dedicated staff were in post for each before becoming operational.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>As a priority, specific consideration must be given to the over-representation of Black and Minority Ethnic (BAME) young people in the YSE and further action be taken urgently to ensure young BAME people do not experience discrimination whilst in custody.</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> The MoJ has created a dedicated youth disproportionality team with a key focus on explaining or changing disproportionate outcomes for BAME children in the justice system and the YCS has introduced a new behaviour management framework which requires each establishment to demonstrate a commitment to addressing discrimination and disadvantage and to promote equitable outcomes for children.[2]</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>The government should carry out a clear needs analysis of young people in custody, with a particular focus on mental health, mental and neurodevelopmental disorders. This will allow full details of the cohort and what services they need to aid effective and appropriate commissioning.</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> The MoJ carried out a comprehensive cohort analysis, including mental health needs, of the youth secure estate at the start of the programme to guide the development of reform proposals and service commissioning. Comprehensive identification of children’s needs relating to neurodiversity and mental health are performed on entry into custody by healthcare and this process itself is under review (see below).</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>A review of the use of the Comprehensive Health Assessment Tool (CHAT) should be undertaken to ensure it is effectively collecting and communicating the information about individual young people that is needed.</p></td><td><p><strong>Partially achieved.</strong> A comprehensive review of the CHAT has been undertaken by NHS England and its conclusions are being finalised, after which an action plan will be developed to implement its recommendations.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Ministers should consider removing the requirement for 30 hours of education and replacing it with a national framework based on ensuring each young person has mastered the basics of learning and can develop relevant academic and vocational skills.</p></td><td><p><strong>Not yet achieved.</strong> We are retendering education contracts for 2021 and intend to test elements of core day and curriculum flexibility with our current providers to inform this exercise.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>National minimum standards of experience should be required for teaching in YSE establishments, with greater consideration given to the calibre of teaching staff recruited.</p></td><td><p><strong>Not yet achieved.</strong> We are retendering education contracts for 2021 and as part of this we are exploring new models and types of provider, including the staffing requirements.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>For the purposes of the pilot, the MoJ should consider direct management of the 2 secure schools through a national agency, government department or local authority model.</p></td><td><p><strong>Rejected</strong>. Secure schools will be set up and run by not-for-profit secure academy trusts. Providers will have to have a clear child-focused ethos at their core and a proven record of the knowledge and skills required to work with children in crisis. Secure academy trusts will enter into a funding agreement with the Secretary of State for Justice and be accountable to him</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Plans for piloting secure schools should give serious consideration to how provision for young women could be made within them.</p></td><td><p><strong>Fully achieved.</strong> All children that are currently deemed suitable for placement into YOIs and STCs, including girls, will be considered for Secure Schools. In our published ‘Guidance on How to Apply to Run a Secure School’,[3] we have advised potential providers that they will deliver a provision that caters to the specific needs of girls and demonstrate how an understanding of their lives and diverse needs will inform interventions at the secure school.</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Each of the piloted secure schools should be designed to test evidence-based approaches with a specific cohort of young people, for example those serving long (or short) sentences, or those that would benefit from, and respond to, a therapeutic model of intervention and care.</p></td><td><p><strong>Rejected. </strong> Any boy or girl aged 12 to 17 who is remanded or sentenced into youth detention accommodation could be placed into a secure school, and we expect them to accommodate children with a wide range of complex needs. The secure schools model has been designed to deliver an individualised, therapeutic approach to meeting children’s needs that ultimately addresses their offending behaviour and improve their life chances, which is based on evidence of what works and we believe they underpin best practice for any type of youth custody provision. Rigorous evaluations will be carried out to evaluate the benefits and impacts on children within custody, the estate’s workforce, and the community as a whole</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>[1]</p><p>[2]</p><p>[3]</p>
star this property answering member constituency Charnwood more like this
star this property answering member printed Edward Argar more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-05-20T13:26:24.22Zmore like thismore than 2019-05-20T13:26:24.22Z
star this property answering member
star this property label Biography information for Edward Argar more like this
star this property tabling member
unstar this property label Biography information for Richard Burgon remove filter