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1024869
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-12-13more like thismore than 2018-12-13
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Universities: Admissions more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps the Office for Students is taking to encourage universities to use unconditional and other alternative offers to widen participation by minority groups including those from the most disadvantaged backgrounds. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
The Lord Bishop of Winchester more like this
star this property uin HL12310 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-12-20more like thismore than 2018-12-20
star this property answer text <p>​Widening participation is a priority for this government. We want to ensure that everyone with the potential to benefit from a university education has the opportunity to do so, regardless of their background or where they grew up. Significant progress has been made in recent years; in 2018, 18-year olds from disadvantaged backgrounds were 52% more likely to enter full-time higher education than in 2009.</p><p> </p><p>However, we have made clear our expectation that the Office for Students (OfS) will challenge universities to make greater progress in widening access and participation.</p><p> </p><p>For example, we have asked the OfS to explore further the use of contextual information in university admissions, such as whether an applicant comes from a low participation neighbourhood or attends a school that does not send many students to university.</p><p> </p><p>​We expect universities to use unconditional offers responsibly. There are cases where the use of unconditional offers can be justified, however the systematic use of unconditional offers is not in the interest of students.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-12-20T17:05:52.727Zmore like thismore than 2018-12-20T17:05:52.727Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
4256
unstar this property label Biography information for The Lord Bishop of Winchester more like this
1027204
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-12-17more like thismore than 2018-12-17
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Students: Care Leavers more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what support they provide outside term-time to full-time higher education students who are care leavers without a permanent home, particularly over the Christmas holiday period. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Watson of Invergowrie more like this
star this property uin HL12386 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-12-20more like thismore than 2018-12-20
star this property answer text <p>As autonomous and independent organisations, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) determine what support services they provide to their students. Each institution will be best placed to identify the needs of their particular student body. The government places a high priority on how the particular needs of care leavers are addressed by HEIs. Many already provide all-year-round accommodation and bursaries for care leaver students. The Department for Education’s Guidance to the Office for Students (OfS), on completing 2019/20 access and participation plans, specifically identifies care leavers as a key target group whose needs HEIs should address. This is reflected in the OfS own guidance to the sector.</p><p> </p><p>The government recently launched the Care Leaver Covenant, which provides a way for organisations from the public, private and voluntary sectors – including universities – to set out and publicise what support they provide to care leavers. A number of universities have already signed the Covenant, including Leeds, Liverpool John Moores, Huddersfield and Bradford; and we will continue to work closely with the OfS to encourage all universities to sign it.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-12-20T16:47:10.223Zmore like thismore than 2018-12-20T16:47:10.223Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
1241
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Watson of Invergowrie more like this
1028321
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-12-18more like thismore than 2018-12-18
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Music: Qualifications more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the consequences for mutual recognition of music qualifications if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Clement-Jones more like this
star this property uin HL12395 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-12-20more like thismore than 2018-12-20
star this property answer text <p>Music qualifications are not included in the EU Mutual Recognition of Professional Qualifications Directive. The EU only has supporting competence in education and there is no EU law on the recognition of academic qualifications.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-12-20T17:06:10.28Zmore like thismore than 2018-12-20T17:06:10.28Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
3396
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Clement-Jones more like this
1037590
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-08more like thismore than 2019-01-08
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Music: Higher Education more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government which universities or other higher education institutions they have consulted about adding music to their lists of facilitating subjects. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Black of Brentwood more like this
star this property uin HL12648 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-01-16more like thismore than 2019-01-16
star this property answer text <p>Universities are autonomous from government, and consequently control the criteria used to determine admissions. We are aware that some universities, notably those that comprise the Russell Group, identify the A level subjects most likely to facilitate entry to university. However, many other higher education institutions are guided simply by UCAS calculations of tariff points, which give equal weighting to A levels, regardless of subject. The government recognises the importance of arts subjects, including music. Students’ ability to make informed choices is at the heart of our recent reforms to higher education. The department is increasing the information available to students to ensure they can make informed choices about what and where to study.</p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-01-16T12:45:22.497Zmore like thismore than 2019-01-16T12:45:22.497Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
4171
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Black of Brentwood more like this
1037605
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-08more like thismore than 2019-01-08
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Post-18 Education and Funding Review more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government when their review of post-18 education and funding will be published. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Goodlad more like this
star this property uin HL12661 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-01-18more like thismore than 2019-01-18
star this property answer text <p>The Review of Post-18 Education and Funding is being informed by independent advice from an expert panel, chaired by Philip Augar.</p><p> </p><p>The panel have undertaken an extensive programme of stakeholder engagement and evidence gathering. They will report in 2019 before government concludes the overall review.</p><p>The government will want to move swiftly to improve the post-18 system once the review has concluded. Implementation timetables will depend on the review’s findings and recommendations and the legislative and operational requirements.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-01-18T11:25:54.59Zmore like thismore than 2019-01-18T11:25:54.59Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
670
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Goodlad more like this
1042971
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-17more like thismore than 2019-01-17
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Disabled Students' Allowances more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they intend to require assessors of Disabled Students' Allowance to hold an Assessment Practising Certificate. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Addington more like this
star this property uin HL12921 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-01-28more like thismore than 2019-01-28
star this property answer text <p>Study needs assessors of Disabled Students’ Allowance (DSA) determine the specific support a student requires. They are currently not required to hold an Assessment Practising Certificate.</p><p> </p><p>We recently announced the decision to allow students with Specific Learning Difficulties, such as dyslexia, who are applying for DSA to use evidence of their diagnosis from before 16 years of age. Currently, for the purposes of DSA, the person carrying out this diagnostic assessment must hold an Assessment Practising Certificate, but we are considering whether to allow alternative accreditation routes.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-01-28T11:39:14.63Zmore like thismore than 2019-01-28T11:39:14.63Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
3453
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Addington more like this
1046297
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-22more like thismore than 2019-01-22
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading School of Oriental and African Studies: Radicalism more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the finding of the report by the Henry Jackson Society Extreme Speakers and Events: In the 2017–18 Academic Year, published on 21 January, that SOAS University of London has hosted 70 events that were addressed by extremist speakers; whether they have discussed that report with SOAS; if so, what was the outcome of any such discussions; and what steps they intend to take in response. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Alton of Liverpool more like this
star this property uin HL13007 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-02-01more like thismore than 2019-02-01
star this property answer text <p>​There is no place for extremism in our society and extremist views should be exposed and challenged.</p><p> </p><p>The Department for Education has not engaged with any institutions, including SOAS University of London, in relation to the Henry Jackson Society report.</p><p> </p><p>The government believes that free speech should been encouraged, provided that it is within the law as it encourages debate and understanding. Challenging extremist speakers and events is an important part of tackling extremist narratives. However, this does not mean closing down lawful speech, but rather ensuring the right steps are taken to counter extremist narratives and make sure that those who wish to spread hatred do not go unchallenged.</p><p> </p><p>The Prevent duty requires higher education institutions to ensure they have mitigated the risk of extremist speakers spreading harmful narratives before an event can go ahead.</p><p> </p><p>​The Equality and Human Rights Commission is developing new guidance on freedom of speech in higher education, which will be published shortly.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-02-01T14:53:40.127Zmore like thismore than 2019-02-01T14:53:40.127Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
738
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Alton of Liverpool more like this
1049558
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-28more like thismore than 2019-01-28
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Universities: Admissions more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government how many unconditional offers have been made by universities to school and college leavers in each year since 2010; and in each of those years, what percentage of total offers were unconditional. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Bassam of Brighton more like this
star this property uin HL13147 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-02-11more like thismore than 2019-02-11
star this property answer text <p>Applicants to full-time undergraduate degrees apply through the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS). UCAS have published data on the number of unconditional offers and the proportion of offers made that were unconditional since 2010. The data covers offers made to 18 year olds from England, Northern Ireland and Wales.</p><p>The table shows the number of unconditional offers made and the proportion of offers made that were unconditional to 18 year old applicants from England, Northern Ireland, and Wales.</p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of unconditional offers</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Proportion of offers made that were unconditional</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>5,105</p></td><td><p>0.6%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>3,355</p></td><td><p>0.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>2,605</p></td><td><p>0.3%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>2,985</p></td><td><p>0.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>12,115</p></td><td><p>1.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>23,410</p></td><td><p>2.5%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2016</p></td><td><p>36,825</p></td><td><p>3.9%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2017</p></td><td><p>51,615</p></td><td><p>5.3%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2018</p></td><td><p>67,915</p></td><td><p>7.1%</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><p>Source: UCAS End of Cycle reports 2017 and 2018:</p><p><a href="https://www.ucas.com/file/196151/download?token=jzRAy4kS" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/file/196151/download?token=jzRAy4kS</a>.</p><p><a href="https://www.ucas.com/file/140406/download?token=pfzLAKRe" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/file/140406/download?token=pfzLAKRe</a>.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Notes</p><ol><li>UCAS defines an unconditional offer as a provider decision to grant a place to an applicant that is not subject to the applicant satisfying academic and/or other criteria.A conditional unconditional offer is an offer made by a provider which was originally conditional, but becomes unconditional if the applicant selects that offer as their firm (first) choice. By definition, conditional unconditional offers that are selected as a firm choice by the applicant become unconditional and are also included in the unconditional offers group.Offer with an unconditional component are defined as an offers showing as having an element of unconditional offer-making, that is, unconditional offers plus conditional unconditional offers that have not been selected as firm (and hence remain conditional unconditional).</li><li>Figures provided in the table are based on the offer status at the 30 June application deadline.</li><li>Data on conditional unconditional offers, and offers that had an unconditional component have not been included in the table due to data not being published prior to 2013.</li></ol><p> </p><p> </p><p>Information regarding which universities allocated places to applicants on an unconditional basis and for each of those universities, what percentage of total offers were unconditional in each of those years is not held centrally.</p><p>However, on 31 January UCAS published data on unconditional offers by each provider for the first time as part of their 2018 End of Cycle data releases. For each provider, UCAS have published data on the number and proportion of offers that were unconditional, conditional unconditional, and offers that had an unconditional component since 2013. Further information can be found at: <a href="https://www.ucas.com/data-and-analysis/undergraduate-statistics-and-reports/ucas-undergraduate-end-cycle-reports/2018-ucas-undergraduate-unconditional-offer-making-provider-reports" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/data-and-analysis/undergraduate-statistics-and-reports/ucas-undergraduate-end-cycle-reports/2018-ucas-undergraduate-unconditional-offer-making-provider-reports</a> – then select ‘Individual 2018 provider level unconditional offer-making CSVs’.</p><p> </p><p>The government are concerned by the increase in unconditional offers, and have asked the higher education (HE) regulator, the Office for Students (OfS), to monitor and review how they are being used by HE providers. Where institutions cannot justify the rising numbers being offered we have made clear to the OfS that they should use the full range of powers at their disposal to take action.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property grouped question UIN HL13148 more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-02-11T14:01:28.67Zmore like thismore than 2019-02-11T14:01:28.67Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
3504
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Bassam of Brighton more like this
1049559
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-28more like thismore than 2019-01-28
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Universities: Admissions more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government which universities allocated places to applicants on an unconditional basis in each year since 2010; and for each of those universities, what percentage of total offers were unconditional in each of those years. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Bassam of Brighton more like this
star this property uin HL13148 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-02-11more like thismore than 2019-02-11
star this property answer text <p>Applicants to full-time undergraduate degrees apply through the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS). UCAS have published data on the number of unconditional offers and the proportion of offers made that were unconditional since 2010. The data covers offers made to 18 year olds from England, Northern Ireland and Wales.</p><p>The table shows the number of unconditional offers made and the proportion of offers made that were unconditional to 18 year old applicants from England, Northern Ireland, and Wales.</p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong>Year</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Number of unconditional offers</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Proportion of offers made that were unconditional</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2010</p></td><td><p>5,105</p></td><td><p>0.6%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2011</p></td><td><p>3,355</p></td><td><p>0.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2012</p></td><td><p>2,605</p></td><td><p>0.3%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2013</p></td><td><p>2,985</p></td><td><p>0.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2014</p></td><td><p>12,115</p></td><td><p>1.4%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2015</p></td><td><p>23,410</p></td><td><p>2.5%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2016</p></td><td><p>36,825</p></td><td><p>3.9%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2017</p></td><td><p>51,615</p></td><td><p>5.3%</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>2018</p></td><td><p>67,915</p></td><td><p>7.1%</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><p>Source: UCAS End of Cycle reports 2017 and 2018:</p><p><a href="https://www.ucas.com/file/196151/download?token=jzRAy4kS" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/file/196151/download?token=jzRAy4kS</a>.</p><p><a href="https://www.ucas.com/file/140406/download?token=pfzLAKRe" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/file/140406/download?token=pfzLAKRe</a>.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Notes</p><ol><li>UCAS defines an unconditional offer as a provider decision to grant a place to an applicant that is not subject to the applicant satisfying academic and/or other criteria.A conditional unconditional offer is an offer made by a provider which was originally conditional, but becomes unconditional if the applicant selects that offer as their firm (first) choice. By definition, conditional unconditional offers that are selected as a firm choice by the applicant become unconditional and are also included in the unconditional offers group.Offer with an unconditional component are defined as an offers showing as having an element of unconditional offer-making, that is, unconditional offers plus conditional unconditional offers that have not been selected as firm (and hence remain conditional unconditional).</li><li>Figures provided in the table are based on the offer status at the 30 June application deadline.</li><li>Data on conditional unconditional offers, and offers that had an unconditional component have not been included in the table due to data not being published prior to 2013.</li></ol><p> </p><p> </p><p>Information regarding which universities allocated places to applicants on an unconditional basis and for each of those universities, what percentage of total offers were unconditional in each of those years is not held centrally.</p><p>However, on 31 January UCAS published data on unconditional offers by each provider for the first time as part of their 2018 End of Cycle data releases. For each provider, UCAS have published data on the number and proportion of offers that were unconditional, conditional unconditional, and offers that had an unconditional component since 2013. Further information can be found at: <a href="https://www.ucas.com/data-and-analysis/undergraduate-statistics-and-reports/ucas-undergraduate-end-cycle-reports/2018-ucas-undergraduate-unconditional-offer-making-provider-reports" target="_blank">https://www.ucas.com/data-and-analysis/undergraduate-statistics-and-reports/ucas-undergraduate-end-cycle-reports/2018-ucas-undergraduate-unconditional-offer-making-provider-reports</a> – then select ‘Individual 2018 provider level unconditional offer-making CSVs’.</p><p> </p><p>The government are concerned by the increase in unconditional offers, and have asked the higher education (HE) regulator, the Office for Students (OfS), to monitor and review how they are being used by HE providers. Where institutions cannot justify the rising numbers being offered we have made clear to the OfS that they should use the full range of powers at their disposal to take action.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property grouped question UIN HL13147 more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-02-11T14:01:28.593Zmore like thismore than 2019-02-11T14:01:28.593Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
3504
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Bassam of Brighton more like this
1050775
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-01-29more like thismore than 2019-01-29
star this property answering body
Department for Education more like this
star this property answering dept id 60 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Education more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Education more like this
star this property hansard heading Overseas Students: EU Nationals more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that nationals of other EU member states who no longer reside or work in the UK make their student loan repayments. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Browne of Belmont more like this
star this property uin HL13201 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-02-11more like thismore than 2019-02-11
star this property answer text <p>​The terms and conditions of repayment of student loans are set out by the Education (Student Loans) (Repayment) Regulations 2009 (as amended). These regulations make provision for repayment for borrowers resident both in the UK and overseas, including the EU.</p><p> </p><p>The Department for Education continues to work closely with the Student Loans Company (SLC) to ensure a robust overseas repayment strategy. The SLC has arrangements in place to collect repayments from borrowers who move away from the UK and establishes a repayment schedule based on the borrower’s income and provides information on the methods of repayment available.</p><p> </p><p>If borrowers based overseas fail to remain in contact with the SLC, the SLC will set up a fixed repayment schedule and place those borrowers in arrears. Borrowers with post-2012 loans who have not remained in contact with the SLC are charged the maximum interest rate of RPI+3% until they get back in touch. Further action, including legal action, can then be taken to secure recovery.</p>
unstar this property answering member printed Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-02-11T17:08:19.14Zmore like thismore than 2019-02-11T17:08:19.14Z
unstar this property answering member
4169
star this property label Biography information for Viscount Younger of Leckie more like this
star this property tabling member
3801
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Browne of Belmont more like this