
answer text 
<p>Bail and remand decisions are a matter for the court in individual cases based
on the facts that are presented to the court at the time of the hearing.</p><p> </p><p>Under
this government more people are going to prison and for longer. We have given prosecutors
the right to challenge a decision to award bail to a defendant in a criminal case
when they believe they present a danger to the public, or might flee the country.</p><p>
</p><p>The table below shows the number and proportion of offenders given postconviction
bail at the Crown Court for the selected offences, in England & Wales in each
year from 2011 to 2013. The number and proportion of offenders given postconviction
bail at Crown Courts for rape, manslaughter, attempted murder and sexual offences
against children has declined since 2011.</p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td colspan="5">Number
and proportion of offenders given postconviction bail at Crown court for selected
offences, England & Wales, 2011 to 2013<sup>(1)</sup></td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td>
</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td>2011</td><td>2012</td><td>2013</td></tr><tr><td>Offence</td><td>Offenders</td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Murder</td><td>postconviction bail</td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td>proportion (%)</td><td></td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Rape</td><td>postconviction bail</td><td>102</td><td>119</td><td>95</td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td>proportion (%)</td><td>9.0</td><td>10.6</td><td>8.7</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Manslaughter</td><td>postconviction
bail</td><td>144</td><td>129</td><td>115</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>proportion (%)</td><td>27.7</td><td>27.3</td><td>22.9</td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Attempted murder</td><td>postconviction
bail</td><td>3</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>proportion (%)</td><td>*</td><td></td><td></td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Sexual offences against
children</td><td>postconviction bail</td><td>1,277</td><td>1,147</td><td>1,105</td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td>proportion (%)</td><td>34.8</td><td>33.2</td><td>32.4</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td>
</td></tr><tr><td>() Nil</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>* = Based on less than 10
people.</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="5">(1) The figures given in the table
relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they
were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it
is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal
is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which
the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="5">(2) Includes the following offences:
Sexual Offences Act 1956, Sexual Offences Act 2003 sections 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 25, 26, 28, 47, 48, 49, 50; Protection of Children
Act 1978 SS.1 & 6, Criminal Justice Act 1988 S.160.</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="5">Note: Every effort is
made to ensure that the figures presented are accurate and complete. However, it is
important to note that these data have been extracted from large administrative data
systems generated by the courts and police forces. As a consequence, care should be
taken to ensure data collection processes and their inevitable limitations are taken
into account when those data are used.</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td><td>
</td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Source: Justice Statistics Analytical Services
 Ministry of Justice.</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Ref: PQ 208543</td><td>
</td><td> </td><td> </td><td> </td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>The table below
shows the number of offenders given postconviction bail at the Crown Court who subsequently
failed to appear for sentence, in England & Wales during 2013. This figure has
declined since 2011 for almost every offence type. Overall there has been a 35% decrease
in the total number of offenders given postconviction bail at Crown Court who subsequently
failed to appear for sentence since 2011.</p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td colspan="2">Offenders
given postconviction bail at Crown court who subsequently failed to appear for sentence,
England & Wales, 2013<sup>(1)</sup></td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Offence</td><td>2013</td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Violence against the person</td><td>26</td></tr><tr><td>Sexual
offences</td><td>11</td></tr><tr><td>Robbery</td><td>15</td></tr><tr><td>Theft Offences</td><td>63</td></tr><tr><td>Criminal
damage and arson</td><td>4</td></tr><tr><td>Drug offences</td><td>56</td></tr><tr><td>Possession
of weapons</td><td>5</td></tr><tr><td>Public order offences</td><td>13</td></tr><tr><td>Miscellaneous
crimes against society</td><td>34</td></tr><tr><td>Fraud Offences</td><td>17</td></tr><tr><td>Offences
(ex. motoring offences)</td><td>4</td></tr><tr><td>Motoring offences</td><td></td></tr><tr><td>
</td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>Total</td><td>248</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td>()
Nil</td><td> </td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">(1) The figures
given in the table relate to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences
for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more
offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same
disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence
for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td>
</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Note: Every effort is made to ensure that the figures
presented are accurate and complete. However, it is important to note that these data
have been extracted from large administrative data systems generated by the courts
and police forces. As a consequence, care should be taken to ensure data collection
processes and their inevitable limitations are taken into account when those data
are used.</td></tr><tr><td> </td><td> </td></tr><tr><td colspan="2">Source: Justice
Statistics Analytical Services  Ministry of Justice.</td></tr><tr><td>Ref: PQ 208575</td><td>
</td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>Decisions regarding postconviction bail are
made independently by judges. They will not take this decision unless they deem it
to be appropriate in each particular case. A little more than 30% of those getting
postconviction bail go on to an immediate custodial sentence, with the remainder
sentenced to noncustodial alternatives.</p>

