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967519
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-04more like thismore than 2018-09-04
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Agriculture: Subsidies more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to maintain the financial support to the agricultural sector following Brexit. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Roberts of Llandudno more like this
star this property uin HL10006 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-18more like thismore than 2018-09-18
star this property answer text <p>This Government has pledged to continue to commit the same cash total in funds for farm support until the end of this parliament, expected in 2022. We have also confirmed we will pay the 2019 Basic Payment Scheme on the same basis as we do now. All Pillar 2 projects signed by 31 December 2020 will be funded for their lifetime. Any changes made to agricultural funding would reflect the Government’s aim of securing a better future for UK agriculture and for the environment.</p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-18T11:37:49.743Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-18T11:37:49.743Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
3691
star this property label Biography information for Lord Roberts of Llandudno more like this
967548
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-04more like thismore than 2018-09-04
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Starlings more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of studies by the British Trust for Ornithology which show that the population of starlings has fallen by 66 per cent since the 1970s. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Tebbit more like this
star this property uin HL10031 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-17more like thismore than 2018-09-17
star this property answer text <p>The Government is aware of the British Trust for Ornithology data on starlings. The Government’s wild bird statistics that measure relative abundance show decreases for starlings of 81% in the long term (1970-2015) and 5% in the short term (2010-2015).</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The cause of the decline in starlings, although not fully understood, is likely to be linked to food availability and over winter survival. To support starlings and other birds there are agri-environment scheme options that aim to boost food availability. In the period 2008-2014, farms in Higher Level Stewardship agreements, specifically undertaking bird friendly management options, found a sustained 79% increase in starling abundance.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-17T12:38:53.41Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-17T12:38:53.41Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
952
star this property label Biography information for Lord Tebbit more like this
967550
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-04more like thismore than 2018-09-04
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Sewage: Water Treatment more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of research by the Environment Department at the University of York which found that worms, maggots and flies at sewage treatment plants contain traces of many drugs, including anti-depressants. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Tebbit more like this
star this property uin HL10032 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-17more like thismore than 2018-09-17
star this property answer text <p>Researchers at the University of York have published in a peer reviewed journal that earthworms collected at sewage treatment plants contained mean concentrations of 26.20±4.70 ng/g of the anti-depressant fluoxetine (trade name Prozac) (Bean et al. 2017). In a recent paper concerning the effects of low, environmental relevant, concentrations of Prozac on the courtship of starlings (Whitlock et al. 2018), they also refer to work by other researchers showing earthworms at sewage treatment plants to contain other contaminants including pharmaceuticals (Markman et al. 2007 &amp; 2008). There are many other studies globally showing uptake of pharmaceuticals into a variety of invertebrate species.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The uptake of pharmaceutical residues from sewage, sewage effluent and sewage sludge has been shown to negatively impact invertebrates themselves and provides a clear route of exposure to many species of wildlife including birds and bats. The full significance of this is still being assessed.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p><strong>References</strong></p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Bean, T. G., Arnold, K. E., Lane, J., Bergstrom, E., Thomas-Oates, J. E., Rattner, B., &amp; Boxall, A. B. A. (2017). Predictive framework for estimating exposure of birds to pharmaceuticals. <em>Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry</em>. DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.3771" target="_blank">10.1002/etc.3771</a></p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Markman S,Guschina I,Barnsley S,Buchanan K,Pascoe D,et al. (2007) Endocrine disrupting chemicals accumulate in earthworms exposed to sewage effluent. Chemosphere 70: 119–125.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Markman S, Leitner S, Catchpole C, Barnsley S, Müller CT, Pascoe D, et al. (2008) Pollutants Increase Song Complexity and the Volume of the Brain Area HVC in a Songbird. PLoS ONE 3(2): e1674. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001674</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Sophia E. Whitlock, M. Glória Pereira, Richard F. Shore, Julie Lane, Kathryn E. Arnold. Environmentally relevant exposure to an antidepressant alters courtship behaviours in a songbird. <em>Chemosphere</em>, 2018; 211: 17 DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.07.074" target="_blank">10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.07.074</a></p><p> </p><p>(12/12)</p><p> </p>
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-17T12:37:26.273Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-17T12:37:26.273Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
952
star this property label Biography information for Lord Tebbit more like this
967551
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-04more like thismore than 2018-09-04
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Starlings more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact of low concentrations of anti-depressants on the courtship and breeding of starlings. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Tebbit more like this
star this property uin HL10033 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-17more like thismore than 2018-09-17
star this property answer text <p>The experiments conducted by University of York in collaboration with the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) demonstrated that exposing starlings to a maximal environmentally relevant concentration of an anti-depressant (fluoxetine) altered courtship behaviour in wild-caught starlings (<em>Sturnus vulgaris</em>). The males sang less and were more aggressive towards females that had been dosed with an anti-depressant than to the untreated females and in addition the treated females were also initially more aggressive towards males than the untreated females. However there were no effects on female courtship behaviour or on circulating female hormones in treated females. These findings suggest that exposure to this dose of anti-depressant reduced female attractiveness to the male but the reasons why are not clear. Whether these levels of anti-depressants in the environment would have a significant effect on an individual’s fitness or the population as a whole requires further investigation.</p><p> </p>
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-17T12:36:31.22Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-17T12:36:31.22Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
952
star this property label Biography information for Lord Tebbit more like this
968794
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-05more like thismore than 2018-09-05
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Beef: Imports more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government whether it will be possible to import hormone-reared beef after Brexit. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Baroness Jones of Whitchurch more like this
star this property uin HL10078 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-18more like thismore than 2018-09-18
star this property answer text <p>The Government is proud of our high standards of food safety and these will not be watered down when we leave the EU. We will remain global leaders in environmental protection and animal welfare standards, maintaining our high quality produce for British consumers.</p><p> </p><p>The UK has transposed EU Council Directive 96/22/EC into UK law, which prohibits the use of artificial growth hormones in both domestic production and imported products. This will continue when we leave the EU.</p><p> </p><p>The Withdrawal Act will transfer onto the UK statute book all EU food safety and animal welfare standards. Our current high standards, including import requirements, will apply when we leave the EU.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-18T11:36:40.353Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-18T11:36:40.353Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
3792
star this property label Biography information for Baroness Jones of Whitchurch more like this
77279
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-07-10more like thismore than 2014-07-10
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Floods: Somerset more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their assessment of the progress of flood alleviation works on the Somerset Levels so far in 2014. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Patten more like this
star this property uin HL1013 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-07-21more like thismore than 2014-07-21
star this property answer text <p> </p><p>Flood alleviation works are progressing very well on the Somerset Levels, with many repairs and improvements expected to be completed before the coming winter.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Within the schedule of works it is planned to dredge 8km of the Rivers Parrett and Tone. So far 2.35km has been dredged, and this work is on schedule to be completed by the autumn.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The Environment Agency has nearly 50 asset repair projects underway in Somerset, repairing banks, pumping stations, sluices, gates and other mechanisms. The intention is to bring these assets to their pre-flood condition by October 2014.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-07-21T15:43:29.3487697Zmore like thismore than 2014-07-21T15:43:29.3487697Z
star this property answering member
2202
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property tabling member
1137
star this property label Biography information for Lord Patten more like this
969304
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-06more like thismore than 2018-09-06
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: Bicycles more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the prohibition of visitors bringing their folding bikes into the DEFRA office at 2 Marsham Street in London; and whether that prohibition is compatible with the aims of that Department’s environmental policies. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Berkeley more like this
star this property uin HL10134 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-13more like thismore than 2018-09-13
star this property answer text <p>Defra is a tenant at 2 Marsham Street, with the Home Office (Defra’s Landlord) occupying the majority of the site. Defra follows the security protocols set by the Home Office.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>For folding bikes the following protocols apply across the whole building:</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><ul><li><p>Full building pass holders can bring folding bikes into the office but most enter via the car park and leave bikes at the bike racks.</p><p> </p></li><li><p>VIPs are permitted to enter the office space with a folding bike.</p><p> </p></li><li><p>Pre-booked visitors are requested to take their bike to the car park entrance where it can be left in a secure sheltered area (visitor bike racks are provided).</p><p> </p></li><li><p>Unannounced visitors are required to contact their host/sponsor to vouch for them and book them in on arrival so that they can leave their bike at the car park entrance.</p><p> </p><p>Folding bikes cannot be processed through the security scanners at the Marsham Street reception.</p></li></ul><p> </p>
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-13T13:41:16.24Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-13T13:41:16.24Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
3526
star this property label Biography information for Lord Berkeley more like this
77280
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-07-10more like thismore than 2014-07-10
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Floods: Somerset more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their assessment of the risk of further major flooding on the Somerset Levels in the winter of 2014–15. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Patten more like this
star this property uin HL1014 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-07-21more like thismore than 2014-07-21
star this property answer text <p> </p><p>There will always be a risk of major flooding on the Somerset Levels and elsewhere in the country, depending on how extreme the weather conditions are.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Significant funding has been provided to repair the flood assets damaged by the weather this winter, and a programme of repairs is underway.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>The Environment Agency also has a number of measures in place to reduce the risks to the Somerset Levels, including improvements to the flood forecasting and warnings service in the area.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>As part of the response to the recent record levels of rainfall and extensive flooding of the Levels, a 20 year action plan was developed to reduce the risk of major flooding. Significant additional funding has been secured this year to implement this plan. This includes dredging to reduce the risk of flooding.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-07-21T15:30:17.2134885Zmore like thismore than 2014-07-21T15:30:17.2134885Z
star this property answering member
2202
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property tabling member
1137
star this property label Biography information for Lord Patten more like this
969319
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2018-09-06more like thismore than 2018-09-06
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Food: UK Trade with EU more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what was the value of (1) exports, and (2) imports, of food and drink between the UK and the rest of the EU in each of the last three years. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Hylton more like this
star this property uin HL10149 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2018-09-18more like thismore than 2018-09-18
star this property answer text <p>UK food and drink Exports are a success story, reaching £22bn for the first time in 2017. Our exports to Europe continue to increase, and have grown by £3.4bn since 2014.</p><p> </p><p>Exports</p><p> </p><ul><li><p>In 2015 the value of food and drink exports to the rest of the EU was £10.9bn.</p></li></ul><p> </p><ul><li><p>This increased to £12bn in 2016.</p></li><li><p>This increased again in 2017 to a total of £13.3bn.</p></li></ul><p> </p><p>Imports</p><p> </p><ul><li><p>In 2015 the value of food and drink imports from the rest of the EU was £27.6bn.</p></li></ul><p> </p><ul><li><p>In 2016 this increased to £29.8bn.</p></li><li><p>In 2017 this increased to £32.4bn.</p></li></ul><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2018-09-18T11:36:30.213Zmore like thismore than 2018-09-18T11:36:30.213Z
star this property answering member
4161
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
2018
star this property label Biography information for Lord Hylton more like this
77281
unstar this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-07-10more like thismore than 2014-07-10
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 remove filter
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property hansard heading Floods: Somerset more like this
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their assessment of the total loss to the economy from all sources of the flooding on the Somerset Levels in the winter of 2013–14. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Patten more like this
star this property uin HL1015 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2014-07-21more like thismore than 2014-07-21
star this property answer text <p> </p><p>Definitive research into the total economic costs of the winter 2013/14 floods is underway and expected to report by the autumn. The Environment Agency is leading on this research.</p><p> </p><p>The Environment Agency previously estimated that the 2012 flooding on the Somerset Levels and Moors cost around £7m, including impacts on property, agriculture and transport. Its initial view is that the 2013/14 event was significantly more costly.</p><p> </p> more like this
unstar this property answering member printed Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-07-21T15:30:47.3800102Zmore like thismore than 2014-07-21T15:30:47.3800102Z
star this property answering member
2202
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord De Mauley more like this
star this property tabling member
1137
star this property label Biography information for Lord Patten more like this