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1140863
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-07-22more like thismore than 2019-07-22
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the badger culling programme. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Coventry South more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Mr Jim Cunningham more like this
star this property uin 280129 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-07-31more like thismore than 2019-07-31
star this property answer text <p>During 2018, badger culling operations in 32 areas of England were all successful in meeting their targets. According to Natural England’s chief scientist, the results show that industry-led badger culling continues to deliver the level of effectiveness required by the policy to be confident of achieving disease control benefits.</p><p> </p><p>Assessments of the effectiveness of badger culling are published annually on gov.uk at the following link: <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/bovine-tb-controlling-the-risk-of-bovine-tb-from-badgers" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/bovine-tb-controlling-the-risk-of-bovine-tb-from-badgers</a></p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Camborne and Redruth more like this
star this property answering member printed George Eustice more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-07-31T10:21:43.183Zmore like thismore than 2019-07-31T10:21:43.183Z
star this property answering member
3934
star this property label Biography information for George Eustice more like this
star this property tabling member
308
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Jim Cunningham more like this
1138807
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-07-15more like thismore than 2019-07-15
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps he is taking to help farmers tackle the spread of bovine TB. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Wycombe more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Mr Steve Baker more like this
star this property uin 277178 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-07-18more like thismore than 2019-07-18
star this property answer text <p>We are pursuing a wide range of interventions as part of the Government’s strategy to eradicate bovine TB in England by 2038, including strengthening cattle testing and movement controls, licensing badger control, and promoting biosecurity on farms to help farmers prevent the spread of Bovine TB. Sir Charles Godfray’s independent review (published in November 2018) is an important contribution that will inform next steps in the strategy.</p><p> </p><p>In my Written Ministerial Statement of 20 June 2019, I announced plans to reinforce TB testing in the High Risk Area, invited applications for a third round of the Badger Edge Vaccination Scheme and confirmed the licensing and authorisation by Natural England of three supplementary badger control areas for 2019.</p><p> </p><p>Our partnerships with other organisations have enabled the development of toolkits that support farmers to understand their role in the prevention and eradication of the disease, including the TB Hub, the iBTB website and the TB Advisory Service.</p><p> </p>
star this property answering member constituency Scarborough and Whitby more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-07-18T13:12:16.39Zmore like thismore than 2019-07-18T13:12:16.39Z
star this property answering member
1562
star this property label Biography information for Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property tabling member
4064
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Steve Baker more like this
1135779
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-07-01more like thismore than 2019-07-01
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the effect of culling badgers on TB rates in cattle. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Strangford more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Jim Shannon more like this
star this property uin 271460 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-07-09more like thismore than 2019-07-09
star this property answer text <p>Rigorous statistical analysis, which adjusts for differences related to the risk of TB in cattle, has been carried out to measure any association between badger culling and cattle TB incidence in comparison to areas where badger culling has not taken place. This analysis covers data from the first two years of culling in Areas 1 and 2 (Gloucestershire and Somerset). It is available at the following link: <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/ece3.3254" target="_blank">https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/ece3.3254</a></p><p> </p><p>An updated statistical analysis of this data has been submitted to a peer-review journal.</p><p> </p><p>The raw data, can be found on the following link: <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/bovine-tb-incidence-of-tb-in-cattle-in-licenced-badger-control-areas-in-2013-to-2017" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/bovine-tb-incidence-of-tb-in-cattle-in-licenced-badger-control-areas-in-2013-to-2017</a></p><p> </p>
star this property answering member constituency Scarborough and Whitby more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-07-09T12:24:48.18Zmore like thismore than 2019-07-09T12:24:48.18Z
star this property answering member
1562
star this property label Biography information for Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property tabling member
4131
unstar this property label Biography information for Jim Shannon more like this
1135014
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-06-26more like thismore than 2019-06-26
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what plans he has for a peer-reviewed analysis of the effectiveness of badger culling in reducing the incidence of Bovine Tuberculosis in cattle herds in areas where badger culling schemes has been running for three years or more. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Kingston upon Hull West and Hessle more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Emma Hardy more like this
star this property uin 269824 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-07-04more like thismore than 2019-07-04
star this property answer text <p>Rigorous statistical analysis, which adjusts for differences related to the risk of TB in cattle, has been carried out to measure any association between badger culling and cattle TB incidence in comparison to areas where badger culling has not taken place. This analysis covers data from four years of culling in Areas 1 and 2 (Gloucestershire and Somerset), and two years of culling in Area 3 (Dorset), and has been submitted to a peer-review journal.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Scarborough and Whitby more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-07-04T13:34:14.953Zmore like thismore than 2019-07-04T13:34:14.953Z
star this property answering member
1562
star this property label Biography information for Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property tabling member
4645
unstar this property label Biography information for Emma Hardy more like this
1124131
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-05-01more like thismore than 2019-05-01
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what plans he has for a strategy to manage bovine TB in the countryside without using badger culling; and if he will make a statement. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Tewkesbury more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Mr Laurence Robertson more like this
star this property uin 249821 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-05-09more like thismore than 2019-05-09
star this property answer text <p>A successful strategy for eradicating bovine TB involves addressing all routes of spread of infection, including cattle-to-cattle, cattle-to-badger, badger-to-badger and badger-to-cattle.</p><p> </p><p>As part of the Government’s 25 year bovine TB eradication strategy, we are taking strong action to eradicate the disease and protect the future of our dairy and beef industries, with emphasis on detecting infection early in cattle herds, containing and removing it as quickly as possible, and tighter biosecurity. We also enable farmers and landowners to carry out badger culling and/or badger vaccination, subject to strict licensing criteria by Natural England.</p><p> </p><p>Sir Charles Godfray’s review of the strategy is an important contribution that will inform future approaches around our goal of eradicating the disease in England by 2038.</p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Scarborough and Whitby more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-05-09T15:15:19.26Zmore like thismore than 2019-05-09T15:15:19.26Z
star this property answering member
1562
star this property label Biography information for Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property tabling member
253
unstar this property label Biography information for Mr Laurence Robertson more like this
1124409
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-05-01more like thismore than 2019-05-01
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government how many cattle have been tested positive for bovine tuberculosis and then following slaughter have been negative on post-mortem testing; and what progress has been made in producing an accurate test before cattle are slaughtered. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Baroness Golding more like this
star this property uin HL15458 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-05-16more like thismore than 2019-05-16
star this property answer text <p>The early detection and removal of tuberculosis (TB)-infected cattle before they develop advanced pathology and/or clinical signs of the disease (and thus become highly infectious) is a key element of bovine TB eradication programmes, including England’s 25 Year Bovine TB Strategy. To that effect, we use ante-mortem tests that measure the animals’ immune response to infection with the bovine TB bacterium (<em>Mycobacterium bovis – M. bovis</em>), rather than rely on direct detection methods.</p><p> </p><p>The single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) test, commonly known as the ‘skin test’, together with the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), is the legal standard approved in the EU legislation for the diagnosis of TB in live cattle in the UK. As with cases of TB in humans, only a proportion of those animals infected with <em>M. bovis</em> and reacting to a tuberculin skin test or IGRA display gross lesions of TB when subjected to post-mortem meat inspection in the slaughterhouse.</p><p> </p><p>In 2017 (the last year for which an analysis of post-mortem findings is available), approximately 60% of the 32,000 cattle compulsorily removed for bovine TB control reasons in England as skin test reactors or IGRA positives did not have visible lesions of TB on post-mortem and were also negative for <em>M. bovis</em> on bacteriological culture (where performed).</p><p> </p><p>Defra and the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) are constantly striving for new ways to maximise the effectiveness of TB testing of cattle to achieve the objectives of the Strategy. APHA may exceptionally authorise the private use of non-validated diagnostic tests for bovine TB in herds where the disease is persistent, in order to help detect additional infected animals that may have been missed by the approved official tests (rather than to negate a positive result to such tests). A policy position paper on non-validated diagnostics for TB in cattle is now available on the APHA Vet Gateway (<a href="http://apha.defra.gov.uk/vet-gateway/index.htm" target="_blank">http://apha.defra.gov.uk/vet-gateway/index.htm</a>).</p><p> </p><p>Over £4 million was allocated to TB research and development in 2018/19, with the anticipation of a similar spend this financial year. The majority of these finds are being invested in improving diagnostic tests alongside vaccine development. However, validation for a new test to World Organisation for Animal Health standards would only lead to official adoption if it demonstrated proven advantages in the detection of disease alongside the current test portfolio.</p>
star this property answering member printed Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-05-16T16:25:10.83Zmore like thismore than 2019-05-16T16:25:10.83Z
star this property answering member
4161
star this property label Biography information for Lord Gardiner of Kimble more like this
star this property tabling member
281
unstar this property label Biography information for Baroness Golding more like this
1109457
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-04-03more like thismore than 2019-04-03
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 3 April 2019 to Question 213911 on bovine tuberculosis: disease control, for what reason that correction was issued; and what the figures referred to in the original answer to that question. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stroud more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Dr David Drew more like this
star this property uin 240477 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-04-09more like thismore than 2019-04-09
star this property answer text <p>A revised answer was issued because the original question asked about one specific cull area in Dorset, whereas the original answer provided data for the entire county of Dorset.</p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Scarborough and Whitby more like this
star this property answering member printed Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-04-09T15:06:35.327Zmore like thismore than 2019-04-09T15:06:35.327Z
star this property answering member
1562
star this property label Biography information for Mr Robert Goodwill more like this
star this property tabling member
252
unstar this property label Biography information for Dr David Drew more like this
1064469
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-02-20more like thismore than 2019-02-20
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many holdings in the High Risk Bovine TB control area were interferon-gamma tested in 2018. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stroud more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Dr David Drew more like this
star this property uin 224019 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-03-01more like thismore than 2019-03-01
star this property answer text <p>I refer the hon. Member to the reply previously given on 5 February 2019 to PQs 213921 and 214457.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member constituency Macclesfield more like this
star this property answering member printed David Rutley more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-03-01T12:46:12.057Zmore like thismore than 2019-03-01T12:46:12.057Z
star this property answering member
4033
star this property label Biography information for David Rutley more like this
star this property tabling member
252
unstar this property label Biography information for Dr David Drew more like this
1064471
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-02-20more like thismore than 2019-02-20
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, how many of the holdings that were interferon-gamma tested in 2018 in the High Risk Bovine TB control area in England were tested on account of (a) being located in an areas that had completed two years of successful badger population control, (b) there being clear evidence that repeated skin testing has failed to resolve a TB breakdown and (c) the APHA veterinary investigation concluding that the most likely transmission route for the affected herd was contact with infected cattle and that measures are in place to prevent further spread of disease from that source. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency Stroud more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Dr David Drew more like this
star this property uin 224023 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-03-01more like thismore than 2019-03-01
star this property answer text <p>The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) record and report surveillance information for interferon gamma testing in the Bovine TB High Risk Area of England.</p><p> </p><p>The number of holdings that were interferon-gamma tested in 2018 in the Bovine TB High Risk Area in England are shown in the table below.</p><p> </p><p>The ‘other reasons’ row includes all other reasons for testing - for which the data cannot be separated - except serial tests which are only used in very specific cases when anomalous reactions such as interference with the test is suspected.</p><p> </p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p> </p></td><td><p><strong>Holdings</strong></p></td><td><p><strong>Samples</strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Number of holdings located in badger control area (a)</p></td><td><p>140</p></td><td><p>31,400</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Evidence that repeated skin testing failed to resolve a TB Breakdown (b)</p></td><td><p>102</p></td><td><p>44,572</p></td></tr><tr><td><p>Other reasons, including but not exclusively APHA investigation concluding most likely transmission was contact with infected cattle (c)</p></td><td><p>34</p></td><td><p>6,083</p></td></tr></tbody></table>
star this property answering member constituency Macclesfield more like this
star this property answering member printed David Rutley more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-03-01T12:48:02.11Zmore like thismore than 2019-03-01T12:48:02.11Z
star this property answering member
4033
star this property label Biography information for David Rutley more like this
star this property tabling member
252
unstar this property label Biography information for Dr David Drew more like this
1054882
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2019-02-04more like thismore than 2019-02-04
star this property answering body
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept id 13 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Environment, Food and Rural Affairs more like this
unstar this property hansard heading Bovine Tuberculosis: Disease Control remove filter
star this property house id 1 more like this
star this property legislature
25259
star this property pref label House of Commons more like this
star this property question text To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, what steps he has taken to reduce the number of cattle destroyed as a result of false positive Gamma blood tests. more like this
star this property tabling member constituency South West Wiltshire more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Dr Andrew Murrison more like this
star this property uin 216228 more like this
star this property answer
answer
star this property is ministerial correction false more like this
star this property date of answer less than 2019-02-08more like thismore than 2019-02-08
star this property answer text <p>The interferon-gamma test is a supplementary blood test that has been used alongside the primary tuberculin skin test in Great Britain since 2006 in order to maximise the detection of TB-infected animals in certain herds affected by TB breakdowns.</p><p>No diagnostic test is perfectly accurate and there is a trade-off between the sensitivity and specificity of a test. The interferon-gamma test is more sensitive than the skin test, which means it is less likely to miss TB-infected animals (approximately 1 in 10 infected animals compared with 1 in 4 for the skin test). However, it is less specific than the skin test (on average 3-4 false positives per 100 disease-free animals tested). Even so, it is incorrect to assume that all interferon-gamma positive animals with no visible lesions of TB at slaughter represent false positive results.</p><p>That is why the interferon-gamma test is, with few exceptions, only used in fully confirmed (lesion and/or culture positive) TB breakdown herds. In such herds the predictive value of a positive interferon-gamma test result is maximised and the cost of taking out low numbers of false positive animals is outweighed by the benefit of earlier and more complete detection of all TB-infected animals in the herd. This in turn reduces the risks of repeat (recurrent) TB breakdowns in the same herd and spreading the disease to other herds as a result of the incomplete elimination of all the infected animals.</p><p>In 2018/2019, over £4 million has been allocated to Defra’s bovine TB research and development programme, which includes research on improved and novel diagnostic tests for bovine TB.</p><p> </p>
star this property answering member constituency Camborne and Redruth more like this
star this property answering member printed George Eustice more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2019-02-08T13:06:11.527Zmore like thismore than 2019-02-08T13:06:11.527Z
star this property answering member
3934
star this property label Biography information for George Eustice more like this
star this property tabling member
1466
unstar this property label Biography information for Dr Andrew Murrison more like this