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100622
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-10-23more like thismore than 2014-10-23
star this property answering body
Cabinet Office more like this
unstar this property answering dept id 53 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Cabinet Office more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Cabinet Office more like this
star this property hansard heading Productivity remove filter
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty’s Government how output per hour worked in the United Kingdom compares with output per hour worked in each of the other G7 countries for each year or part year since 1997 for which there are data are available. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Sharkey more like this
star this property uin HL2353 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
unstar this property date of answer less than 2014-11-03more like thismore than 2014-11-03
star this property answer text <p>The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.</p> more like this
star this property answering member printed Lord Wallace of Saltaire more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-11-03T16:41:22.4642544Zmore like thismore than 2014-11-03T16:41:22.4642544Z
star this property answering member
1816
star this property label Biography information for Lord Wallace of Saltaire more like this
star this property attachment
1
star this property file name Lord Sharkey HL2353 ONS letter.pdf more like this
star this property title UK Statistics Authority Response more like this
star this property tabling member
4196
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Sharkey more like this
106184
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-11-04more like thismore than 2014-11-04
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
unstar this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property hansard heading Productivity remove filter
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Livingston of Parkhead on 13 October (HL1890), what they consider to be the reasons for the differences between the output per worker per hour in the United Kingdom and those of the other G7 countries, as reported by the Office for National Statistics in its statistical bulletin <i>International Comparisons of Productivity—Final Estimates 2012</i>; and what plans they have to improve the United Kingdom’s relative position. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Birt more like this
star this property uin HL2655 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
unstar this property date of answer less than 2014-11-17more like thismore than 2014-11-17
star this property answer text <p>The most up to date productivity data for 2012 are in the table.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Current Price Productivity, 2012, G7 countries, Index UK=100</strong></p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong><em> </em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Japan</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Germany</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Canada</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Italy</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>France</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>US</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>UK</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>G7 excl. UK</em></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per worker</strong></p></td><td><p>90</p></td><td><p>108</p></td><td><p>104</p></td><td><p>116</p></td><td><p>115</p></td><td><p>140</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>120</p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per hour worked</strong></p></td><td><p>85</p></td><td><p>129</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>109</p></td><td><p>128</p></td><td><p>130</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>117</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>Source: International Comparisons of Productivity, First Estimates for 2013, ONS (Oct 2014)</p><p> </p><p>http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2013---first-estimates/index.html</p><p> </p><p>Analysis undertaken by BIS (2012) to support Lord Heseltine’s Review of UK Competitiveness examined UK productivity in comparison to France, Germany and the USA. An analysis of productivity across all G7 countries has not yet been completed. The full analysis can be found <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf" target="_blank">here</a> but the main findings were:</p><p> </p><p>The analysis decomposed the productivity gap (measured by output per hour worked) into two components:</p><p> </p><ul><li>Sector productivity effect – the share of the gap arising due to productivity in a given sector being higher in another country than in the UK.</li><li>Sector mix effect – the share of the gap arising due to employment in another country being more concentrated in high productivity sectors than in the UK.</li></ul><p> </p><p>When UK productivity is compared to France, Germany and the USA, the sector productivity effect in each of the comparator countries fully explains the gap. As such, higher productivity across almost all sectors in each of these economies accounts for the entirety of their lead over the UK. In fact, the UK’s favourable sector mix went some way towards reducing the gap, particularly against France.</p><p> </p><p>Naturally, the factors driving the gap vary by country. However, at the aggregate level, the UK tends to have lower capital per head than France and Germany and a less efficient use of inputs in production (Total Factor Productivity) than the USA (<a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf" target="_blank">BIS, 2010</a>). There is also a (smaller) gap between the UK and its major competitors in terms of skills. This is generally characterised as a gap in intermediate skills with France and Germany, and a gap in higher level skills relative to the USA.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Plans to Improve UK Productivity</strong></p><p> </p><p>Government policy focuses on delivering growth which in turn depends on productivity in the longer term. In this sense, the majority of longer run Government economic policy is ultimately about raising productivity.</p><p> </p><p>The Government’s industrial strategy and ‘The Plan for Growth’ are creating the right environment for businesses to invest and grow. This will continue to support UK long-term productivity growth.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Data Revisions</strong></p><p> </p><p>Recent changes to national accounts methodology have slightly reduced the productivity gap between the UK and other leading G7 economies. Data for 2012 were revised and are provided in the table above. In case it is of interest, the most recent data for 2013 is also included in the table below. A full decomposition of the productivity gap has not yet been undertaken using the revised data.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Current Price Productivity, 2013, G7 countries, Index UK=100</strong></p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong><em> </em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Japan</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Germany</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Canada</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Italy</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>France</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>US</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>UK</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>G7 excl. UK</em></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per worker</strong></p></td><td><p>88</p></td><td><p>107</p></td><td><p>103</p></td><td><p>115</p></td><td><p>114</p></td><td><p>139</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>119</p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>GDP per hour worked</strong></p></td><td><p>85</p></td><td><p>129</p></td><td><p>101</p></td><td><p>109</p></td><td><p>128</p></td><td><p>130</p></td><td><p>100</p></td><td><p>117</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p>Source: International Comparisons of Productivity, First Estimates for 2013, ONS (Oct 2014)</p><p> </p><p>http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2013---first-estimates/index.html</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>References</p><p> </p><p>BIS (2010) Economic Growth, BIS Economics Paper No. 9</p><p> </p><p><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/32101/10-1213-economic-growth.pdf</a></p><p> </p><p>BIS (2012) Benchmarking UK Competitiveness in the Global Economy, BIS Economics Paper No. 19</p><p> </p><p><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/34647/12-1207-benchmarking-uk-competitiveness-in-the-global-economy.pdf</a></p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>
star this property answering member printed Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property question first answered
remove maximum value filtermore like thismore than 2014-11-17T12:31:53.887Z
star this property answering member
4278
star this property label Biography information for Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property tabling member
2533
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Birt more like this
62469
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-06-18more like thismore than 2014-06-18
star this property answering body
Cabinet Office more like this
unstar this property answering dept id 53 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Cabinet Office more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Cabinet Office more like this
star this property hansard heading Productivity remove filter
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty's Government what are the latest available figures on output (1) per worker, and (2) per hour worked, in the United Kingdom; and how those figures compare with the equivalents for Germany, France and the United States. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Birt more like this
star this property uin HL398 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
unstar this property date of answer less than 2014-06-23more like thismore than 2014-06-23
star this property answer text <p>The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.</p><p> </p> more like this
star this property answering member printed Lord Wallace of Saltaire more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-06-23T12:51:36.0912109Zmore like thismore than 2014-06-23T12:51:36.0912109Z
star this property answering member
1816
star this property label Biography information for Lord Wallace of Saltaire more like this
star this property attachment
1
star this property file name PQ HL398 ONS 270.pdf more like this
star this property title ONS Letter to Peer more like this
star this property tabling member
2533
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Birt more like this
91832
star this property registered interest false more like this
star this property date less than 2014-09-26more like thismore than 2014-09-26
star this property answering body
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
unstar this property answering dept id 26 more like this
star this property answering dept short name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property answering dept sort name Business, Innovation and Skills more like this
star this property hansard heading Productivity remove filter
star this property house id 2 more like this
star this property legislature
25277
star this property pref label House of Lords more like this
star this property question text To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their assessment of the output per worker in the United Kingdom in comparison with that in other G7 countries. more like this
star this property tabling member printed
Lord Birt more like this
star this property uin HL1890 more like this
star this property answer
answer
unstar this property is ministerial correction false more like this
unstar this property date of answer less than 2014-10-13more like thismore than 2014-10-13
star this property answer text <p>The most up to date data currently available is for 2012 and is set out below:</p><p> </p><p><strong> </strong></p><p> </p><p><strong>Current Price GDP per worker, G7 countries, Index UK=100</strong></p><p> </p><table><tbody><tr><td><p><strong><em> </em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Japan</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Germany</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Canada</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>Italy</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>France</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>US</em></strong></p></td><td><p><strong><em>G7 excluding UK</em></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>2012</strong></p></td><td><p>93</p></td><td><p>108</p></td><td><p>111</p></td><td><p>118</p></td><td><p>118</p></td><td><p>146</p></td><td><p>125</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Source: International Comparisons of Productivity, Final Estimates for 2012, ONS (Feb 2014)</p><p> </p><p><a href="http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2012---final-estimates/stb-icp0214.html" target="_blank">http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/icp/international-comparisons-of-productivity/2012---final-estimates/stb-icp0214.html</a></p><p> </p>
star this property answering member printed Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property question first answered
less than 2014-10-13T12:20:20.4538846Zmore like thismore than 2014-10-13T12:20:20.4538846Z
star this property answering member
4278
star this property label Biography information for Lord Livingston of Parkhead more like this
star this property tabling member
2533
unstar this property label Biography information for Lord Birt more like this