||<p>The EU Public Procurement Directives contain detailed procedural rules to facilitate
the Single Market, including an obligation to treat economic operators equally and
without discrimination. This is transposed at Article 18 of the Public Contracts Regulations
2015, and there are penalties contained in a separate scheme of remedies directives
for non-compliance. The UK has transposed all directives fully.</p><p> </p><p>The
European Commission publishes studies that evaluate and assess various aspects of
the impact of the directives, and can be viewed at the following link:</p><a href="https://ec.europa.eu/growth/single-market/public-procurement/studies-networks_en"